Harold Wolff is often considered the father of modern headache research, and a pioneer in the study of psychosomatic illness.
Harold George Wolff (May 26, 1898—February 21, 1962) was born in New York City and, after considering priesthood, received his M.D. from Harvard in 1923. Following appointments at Harvard, Boston City Hospital and Johns Hopkins Hospital, Dr. Wolff began an association with Cornell that would last through his career; while there he became a prominent researcher in migraines (from which he suffered) and cerebral circulation, and in psychosomatic influences on ulcers and other diseases. He in the 1950s he was involved with the CIA's MK-Ultra project.