Friday, January 04, 2013
Construction of a 25-mile long toll road that will complete a beltway around Orlando is due to begin in February, but before building on the Wekiva Parkway can start, threatened gopher tortoises have to be moved out of the way.
The $1.7 billion roadway project is being showcased as an example of careful transportation planning through an environmentally sensitive area. In addition to relocating threatened species, the project will include fencing and wildlife bridges to minimize the risk of animal- vehicle collisions, and much of the roadway will be elevated.
About 260 gopher tortoise burrows have been identified around the first few miles of the parkway slated for construction. Backhoes are used to scoop away the bulk of the dirt, taking care not to disturb the burrow itself. The tunnel is marked with a long PVC pipe so the backhoe operator doesn't dig too deep.
Every few feet the backhoe driver stops, and a biologist - like environmental consultant Joel Johnson - climbs into the crater to dig with a shovel
"When it gets down to the more intricate part of the excavation, you’ll dive in with an arm to pull the tortoise out," says Johnson.
"At some point it’s a personal touch. The iconic thing is this backhoe here digging these huge holes in the ground, but the action is really in a couple of feet, you know, five feet around that burrow."
Gopher tortoises are powerful diggers. A typical burrow could extend 30 feet lengthwise and slope down to a depth of 25 feet.
Getting the tortoises out isn't easy.
"They are surprisingly strong, like most crevice dwelling and burrowing animals, and once they get in there and decide they don't want to come out, it becomes a matter of leverage," says Johnson.
"We have ones that dig as fast as we are. We're chasing them," he says.
"And then sometimes they come up and they look like a zombie coming out of a grave, out of the dirt right after you take a swipe."
The gopher tortoise is important to Florida's ecology because other animals use its burrow to shelter and find food.
"They call [the gopher tortoise] a keystone species," says Mike Dinardo, the environmental coordinator for the project.
"That burrow provides refuge for others escaping fire, maintaining humidity and escaping heat."
The gopher tortoises' room mates include the indigo snake, the gopher frog and the pine snake, as well as crickets and other insects.
The gopher relocation project started mid December, so far capturing more than 40 tortoises. It could take another few weeks to dig up the remaining burrows.
Once the animals get a health check up they’ll be moved to a ranch in Okeechobee County, South Florida.
Tuesday, January 17, 2012
By Mark Simpson
(Orlando, WMFE) The controversial $1.6 billion dollar Wekiva Parkway project moved ahead Tuesday in Orlando as the regional planning body Metro-Plan Orlando approved a funding proposal for the 25-mile long roadway. Only two commissioners voted against the funding plan. Osceola County Commissioner and Metro-plan board member John Quinones cited concerns about costs as his reason for voting no, "You’re talking about 1.6 billion dollars. That is too much of a price tag. I think the toll roads are going to pay the consequences. I just don’t think the cost benefit analysis warrants the building of this road right now."
Currently the Florida Turnpike Authority will pay for 28% percent of the project costing about $459 million dollars, state DOT funds will cover another 28% at $460 million, and the Orlando/ Orange County Expressway Authority will pickup the remaining 44% or 745 million dollars.
The roadway project which has been discussed for more than 50 years, raised controversy on the latest round of discussions because some studies by the Orlando /Orange County Expressway Authority show the Wekiva Parkway won't be able to pay for itself for years, despite being partially tolled.
Also, about 150 residents of the 12 Oaks RV Resort in Sanford, Florida will have to be relocated if the roadway isn't moved. Manager Sid Bennett says he's planing a lawsuit under the Older Americans Act which was signed in 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson. Bennett said he felt many emotion after the approval of the parkway, "Desperation, despair, because this is just another step in the taking and the forcing of something that's going to have be very tragic for a lot of people on SR 46."
Environmental groups in Central Florida including Audubon of Florida are supporting the Wekiva Parkway because it will be partially elevated allowing migrating black bears and other species to pass under without crossing traffic.
Initially the highway will be composed of four lanes with slip roads on the side. Eventually it could be expanded to six lanes.
Next the plan goes before the Lake-Sumter Regional Planning Organization and the Orlando/Orange County Expressway Authority.
Groundbreaking could start as early as this fall.
You can listen to economist Dr. Hank Fishkind's analysis of the Wekiva Parkway project here.