Today In History
Friday, August 14, 2009
'Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.'
Thursday, August 06, 2009
On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay dropped nuclear bomb "Little Boy" on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, killing an estimated 140,000 people.
Chaplain William Downey delivers a prayer for the crew of the Enola Gay before their flight:
“We pray Thee that the end of the war may come soon and that once more we may know peace on earth. May the men who fly this night be kept safe in Thy care and may they be returned safely to us. We shall go forward trusting in Thee knowing that we are in Thy care now and forever in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.”
President Harry Truman announced the bombing from aboard the USS. Augusta. Here he discusses the event:
"A short time ago, an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb has more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb, we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form, these bombs are now in production and even more powerful forms are in development. It is an atomic bomb. It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe. The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosened against those who brought war to the Far East."
Tuesday, August 04, 2009
On August 4, 1964, President Lyndon Baines Johnson calls on Congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which would give him broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on United States forces.
“As president and commander in chief, it is my duty to the American people to report that renewed hostile actions against the United States ships on the high seas in the Gulf of Tonkin have today required me to order the military forces of the United States to take action in reply. The initial attack on the destroyer Maddox on August 2nd was repeated today by a number of hostile vessels attacking two U.S. destroyers with torpedoes....Repeated acts of violence against the armed forces of the United States must be met not only with alert defense, but with positive reply. That reply is being given as I speak to you tonight.....The determination of all Americas to carry out our full commitment to the people and to the government of South Vietnam will be redoubled by this outrage.
Monday, July 20, 2009
The Brian Lehrer Show
Brian Lehrer celebrates the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission with recordings of the moon landing and President Richard Nixon's conversation with Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong. Listeners add memories of the moon walk and thoughts on space exploration.
The Leonard Lopate Show...
Friday, June 26, 2009
On June 26, 1963, President John F. Kennedy addressed a vast crowd of Germans on Rudolph Wilde Platz near the Berlin Wall. In his speech, Kennedy condemns the wall separating East from West, calling it a "vivid demonstration of the failures of the Communist system" and praised ...
Thursday, June 18, 2009
Tuesday, June 09, 2009
A representative of the Maxwell-Briscoe automobile company proposed the transcontinental trip after Ramsey entered a 200-mile endurance drive to Montauk, New York. In a public relations stunt, the company paid all of Ramsey's expenses for the cross-country journey, but for Ramsey, the trip was about more than advertising.
Although three female passengers accompanied Ramsey on her transcontinental journey, she was the only one who knew how to drive. The other passengers were her sisters-in-law, Nettie Powell and Margaret Atwood, as well as a friend, 16-year old Hermine Jahns.
Thursday, May 28, 2009
On May 28, 1934, five identical girls were born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne in Ontario, Canada. The Dionne girls were the first quintuplets to survive infancy. The government determined their parents were unfit to be their guardians and made them wards of the state. They became a ...
Tuesday, May 19, 2009
On May 19, 1925, Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, Nebraska, the fourth child of Earl and Louise Little. Malcolm Little would later join the Nation of Islam and change his surname to "X". The African American leader was a Muslim minister, fiery orator and activist who advocated "black ...
Friday, May 08, 2009
On May 8, 1945, Nazi Germany unconditionally surrendered to the World War II allies. President Harry S. Truman delivered a V-E Day message:
"I only wish that Franklin Delano Roosevelt had lived to see this day. General Eisenhower informs me that the forces of Germany have ...
Tuesday, April 21, 2009