When Forgery Isn’t a Crime

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For nearly 30 years, Mark Landis has been recreating works — from lesser-known impressionists to Picasso — and passing them off as originals. Landis is one of the most prolific art forgers in history. He’s also one of the most fascinating: instead of the usual scam of duping a naïve collector, Landis donated his fakes, roughly 100 of them, to museums in 20 states. He never took a penny, and so he’s never been prosecuted.

But in 2008, Landis tried to dupe the wrong guy. Matthew Leininger, then registrar of the Oklahoma City Museum of Art, got suspicious about Landis’ donations, and then became obsessed with exposing him. The unraveling of Landis’ long con is the subject of a fascinating new documentary called Art and Craft.

See Landis’ work (along with the originals he copied) below.

Born in 1955, Landis spent much of his childhood in Europe as the son of a NATO officer. “We would go to museums during the day and we’d bring back catalogues and things,” Landis tells Kurt Andersen. At night, his parents would go out, leaving Landis alone in hotel rooms. That’s when he honed his skills as a forger. “In the 60s they didn’t have TVs in the hotel rooms, but I did have the catalogues to go through,” he explains. “I started copying the pictures out of the catalogues.”

It wasn’t until the age of 30 that Landis decided to begin donating his copied works to museums. His first gift was a drawing of a Native American by Maynard Dixon to the Oakland Museum of California. “Everybody was just so nice and treated me with respect and deference and friendship — things I was not used to at all,” he says. “I got addicted to it.”

Landis makes his copies in just a couple of hours, often in front of the television, using cheap materials from stores like Hobby Lobby and Walmart. “I’ve got to get things done really fast,” he tells Kurt. “A movie starts on TV and I like to have it done by the time the movie’s over.”

Over two decades, Landis traveled the country posing as a philanthropist and donating his copied artworks without arousing much suspicion. “I didn’t think I’d get into trouble,” Landis explains, “I just thought they’d get mad and send stiff letters — and I’d be long gone by that time.”

Landis has been diagnosed with schizophrenia, a fact that he says has no connection to his philanthropy. But it’s a side of Landis that the filmmakers explore in some depth in this documentary. “The film starts as this art caper, this cat and mouse chase, and it becomes something much broader once we learn who Mark is,” Sam Cullman, one of the film’s directors, tells Kurt.

Matthew Leininger was ultimately successful in exposing Landis’s con, and worked with the University of Cincinnati to put up a show of the forger’s works in 2012 called Faux Real. Landis no longer does forgeries, “unless somebody asks me to,” he says. Is he still deceiving people? He doesn’t think so. “Not more than anybody else.”

Art and Craft, the documentary by Sam Cullman, Jennifer Grausman, and Mark Becker opens later this month.

Listen to Kurt’s full conversation with Mark Landis and Sam Cullman:

 

Compare Mark Landis' forgeries with the originals:

French painter Jean-Antoine Watteau's "A Woman Lying On A Chaise Lounge" (1719)
Landis' copy

American painter Charles Courtney Curran's "Three Women" (1894)
Landis' copy

American painter Stuart Davis' "Houses Along a Canal" (1914 -18)
Landis' copy

Music Playlist

  1. Due Diligence

    Album: Art & Craft Soundtrack
  2. Sure Looks Real

    Artist: Eden's Children
    Label: ABC