Fixing the Port Authority: Here's What's on the Table

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The George Washington Bridge, one of the Port Authority's Hudson River crossings

The Port Authority's flaws are getting a very public airing, and the diagnoses are flying: it has strayed from its core mission. It's divided into political fiefdoms. It's hemorrhaging money on the PATH train. The problems are easy to point out. What's less clear is what the fix is. Here's a look at four Port prescriptions being kicked around:

1. Split it up. The prospect of dividing the Port's assets between the two states is tantalizing to Governors Christie and Cuomo. But with six trans-Hudson crossings, breaking up is hard to do. In the words of Pat Foye, the Port's executive director, splitting up would be "akin to Olympic ice skating, with a high degree of difficulty." It's not worth it, say some transportation experts. "No matter what you do," said one, "you're going to have to have bi-state cooperation."

2. Watch it like a hawk. A lot of criticism leveled at the Port focuses on a lack of transparency. The Citizens Budget Commission has called for the Port to have more public involvement in its budgeting process. An audit found its problems with its capital planning process and "siloed" managerial structure. And a 2013 U.S. Government Accountability Office report on bi-state tolling authorities — of which the Port is the largest — pointed out the Port lacks accountability and serious federal oversight. Part of the problem: the Port is of both states, but not answerable to the sunshine laws of either. Legislation could change that, but both states would have to get on board. And if history is any guide, that's not a slam-dunk.

3. Change its managerial structure. Critics say 1995 was when the Port hit a political tipping point. That's when New York Governor George Pataki wanted to appoint the head of the state's Conservative Party to run the Port. That rankled New Jersey's governor, Christine Todd Whitman, who demanded quid pro quo in the form of a Deputy Executive Director. Fast-forward 19 years. Now, political interests at the Port are only more entrenched.  The fix? Don't give the state's governors the power to appoint the Port's executive director. Instead, say some, the board of commissioners should pick the leader. Caveat: where is this fantasy land in which the governors selflessly appoint commissioners? Because it's not looking like it's housed in Albany and Trenton these days.

4. Get back to basics. A recently released report from New York University's Rudin Center says the Port's problems go beyond mismanagement and political abuse...and into mission creep. The report asserts the authority should stop using the money-making pieces of its portfolio — bridges, tunnels, and airports — to fund money-losing operations like the PATH and pet projects of the governors. Instead, the authors argue, the Port should focus on its revenue-generating facilities, like the airports.

It's unclear what's next for the Port. It's putting together its own panel that will make recommendations for reform.  But it's likely that Governor Cuomo hit the nail on the head when he talked about the Port's problems this weekend. Structural change, he pointed out, is "much easier said than done."