Nearly 4.5 million women alive today have been threatened with guns by abusive partners - and about 1 million women have survived a gunshot wound, or have been shot at by an intimate partner. Up until this point, most research on guns and domestic abuse has focused on fatal gun violence that results in the death of a woman. A new study published by Dr. Susan Sorenson looks at how merely owning a gun can cause ongoing physical, sexual and psychological trauma in abusive relationships. The study is published in the journal “Trauma, Violence & Abuse." Dr. Sorenson is Professor of Social Policy, Professor of Health & Societies and Director of the Evelyn Jacobs Ortner Center on Family Violence at the University of Pennsylvania.