This episode is from the WNYC archives. It may contain language which is no longer politically or socially appropriate.
New York Senator Jacob K. Javits discusses foreign policy needs, particularly as they relate to Latin America. He talks about the political upheavals in recent years. He makes several suggestions for the US Latin American policies.
1) The US is spreading foreign aid over too many nations. The limited resources should be directed to certain countries that are nearest to the "take off point" and have a strategic significance to the success of the alliance and in terms of the security of the hemisphere. These nations could become "centers of strength" in Latin America. The prime example he gives is Mexico.
2) Incorporate private enterprise into foreign aid.
Questions and answers follow.
When asked about the continued non-recognition of communist China Javits responds with a strongly worded statement laying out his views. Sees no benefit in recognizing the communist nation, he government of the country as full of hate toward the United States and the United Nations. He states that they are in defiance of mankind.
Audio courtesy of the NYC Municipal Archives WNYC Collection
WNYC archives id: 70556
Municipal archives id: T242
This is a machine-generated transcript. Text is unformatted and may contain errors.
For example a number of us suggested the possibility of the Sick of a security alliance of the Caribbean States themselves with specific reference to Cuba. As far as we know this is not been pressed by the administration and it's a suggestion which is well worthy of consideration but I will not undertake to deal with every spot on earth Cyprus in the nation you are also very well familiar with the allegedly deteriorating position of South and Southeast Asia the struggle of the Congress only as recently as Monday over that as us just two days ago over our continuance of important aid to India and the whole test of the position as to whether India as the counterweight to communist China must at all costs be preserved as a free nation in Asia all of these are key problems which will be facing the administration Suffice it to say that even those I've checked off and and commented upon has provoked expressions of the smashy in Washington as was to be expected but this may doesn't solve them nor will recriminations not that they scores of others which may yet appear and so the administration is now faced with policy choices which require facing the facts of international life in the sixty's and more than anything else showing a sense of anticipation. And becoming really prepared to meet crises with ideas and whether it's ourselves knowing that they're going to a car and not letting them overtake us in the middle of the night with running a little preparation or alternatives plan alternative plans with which to deal with. And I'd like to say a rather special word for a few minutes about Latin America because it provides an excellent example in my view. Of adequate anticipation and preparation. The often understood they often mention but little understood when is a revolution been gaining met momentum in Latin America long before Castro arrived on the scene and the tragic Panama incident is only again tip of the iceberg and a situation of that kind in the business before us concerns are a bit of a to understand this hemispheric up people and the channel we tried with the Alliance for Progress and we must try again this time more realistically I think we have the ideas the powers the power and the economic resources to do it and it's essential that it be done and perhaps will be as the terminating an aspect of whether our foreign policy is succeeding and whether the Johnson administration is succeeding as any that we have before us if we take stock of our own resources and abilities and realistically survey the needs of this hemisphere I think we can develop a Latin American policy worthy of this great nation. Now I'd like to make a few suggestions if I may first I think we've made a mistake and trying to spread limited resources over nineteen countries the other American republics out a billion dollars a year is a lot of money and that in essence was what was committed at point to the last by Secretary of the Treasury Dept and I think on the whole the Congress would be ready to back that up that show if it's Saudi and this you have success. I assure you when you spread that among saw and so enormous an area among a population of two hundred million whose standards of living of health of communications of economy of almost anything you name so primitive that this doesn't get you too far hence I think that and every the spread these limited resources over such a broad area on political grounds to satisfy everybody a little bit is not a good policy instead I believe that these limited resources should be directed to countries where we decide that on balance the best opportunities exist for rapid rapid economic expansion what is called among those who deal in problems of economic development those which an heiress to the take off point where they can be economically viable countries where there is some hope for success in the reasonably near term countries with strategic significance to the success of the alliance idea and to the security of the hemisphere. And in my judgment we should make a major effort to achieve a breakthrough in such countries should we succeed these nations in turn could become set is of strength in the development of the sister countries and I give us the best example of that Mexico I which of all the nations in Latin America's closest to the breakthrough point and which is now beginning to think both in its leadership and the Latin American Free Trade Association the so-called laughter and then it's own development than resources and even capital investment in terms of helping its sister countries now this doesn't mean that we should do nothing in the other countries aside from those upon which we concentrate our material resources I think we can extend to the others a great deal of cooperation and technical assistance and education and health and transportation and governmental advice and advisors and so forth but we're talking about the bulk of capital resources and these I believe should be concentrated at very much narrower targets. Indeed I'm reminded of the fact that the great success of the Marshall Plan in my view was that it concentrated a seventeen billion dollar commitment over a period of four years at a single target Western Europe and of course the situation is not comparable as between the industrial scale of Western Europe and Latin America the Latin America is ahead of the rest of the underdeveloped world and respect of the private enterprise equipment which it has and even the beginnings of industrialization there nonetheless no comparison but I think the fundamental principle of amassing of me at a relatively smaller target as an Tiley validated by the martial art. Secondly I think we have got to bring private enterprise and an important way into foreign aid and that should be done on two grounds one that the private enterprise is by now so heavily involved in markets and investments in the world that it has a stake almost as large as that of government and seeing a stable world and second on grounds of patriotism patriotism is important we're always manage to summon it and wars this is a war it's a war to prevent war if we humanly can and I think it can be summoned again so when we speak of incentives I don't want anybody to believe that I'm one of those who think that the only thing which Well motivate private enterprise is the strict cupidity of a profit I think there is a public interest and a patriotic motive too but added to that there must be sound business reasons and some new incentives. Now right now that subject and I hope the administration throws itself fully into this is going to have the attention of an advisory committee on private enterprise and foreign A. Provider of foreign to the current bill the one nine hundred sixty three bill and that's an amendment which I had the honor of enter dosing and sponsoring through the passage. It's going to be a very high level committee of nine and I believe that it will come forward with the prescription as to how private enterprise can be brought into the foreign aid picture and that show that what I'm talking about is not a usury I referred to my experience whether an organization called the Atlantic community development group for Latin America which as the chairman working party. The NATO parliamentarians conference I and Senator Humphrey of Minnesota with business associates of great distinction have managed to bring into being as a private investment company desired to be designed to bring both European U.S. and indigenous capital into Latin America. And a private sense and it seems to me this thing is on the threshold of success and indicates that what I'm talking about is by no means impossible. All of these programs of the zine to bring the vitality of private business into the foreign aid problems which concern us all so that's a second point a new injection of private enterprise into the whole foreign aid policy of the United States Third we must provide is our trade policies toward latinum are and I believe we must put our full support behind the ultimate formation of a Western Hemisphere common market now this it seems to me is the way of the future just as the Europeans found it and the European Common Market will result in giving the Latin American countries much more stable assurances. Avails which they can realize from their raw materials as most of them as the raw material produces it will have an effect upon such restrictions as we have today for example quotas on the imports of residual fleet fuel oil which is a very serious matter for Latin America quotas on lead and zinc which just prop up completely on economic situations in the United States at a terrific cost the Latin America our sugar policy which will quite and testify testified to just the other day before the Joint Economic Committee of which I'm a member and me says it cost the American people I'm told sums of money to wastefully right sugar in the United States which still continues to supply a great part of our demand when all the sugar lands are available and begging to be used with enormous benefit to their own people and entering that will give us some assurance of the benefit of improving markets which rose out in Greece and come for the people of the America we in the Canadians are enormous industrial producers and the opportunities are very great Also it will give an opportunity for the infant industries of properly phased in the hands of Latin American countries like Colombia and Mexico and and Brazil and Argentina and other countries which have a chance for saying some of the beginnings of industrialization. Now we're talking here about a decade perhaps two. We're talking about facing these matters in the way which is the most intelligent just as it was done under the Rome Treaty of the European economic community just as it's being done now not nearly as effectively in the Latin American Free Trade Association Central American common market but at least if we deal realistically with trade we are setting a goal for Latin America which they can begin to understand MEANS BUSINESS because what is killing Latin America more than anything is that the terms of trade have turned against Latin art that is they can buy less for what they sell as my going to difference what the prices are on one side of they are the fact is that they are buying less but what they sell and they did before and hence this the sables them from being better consumers and we all know that this free world and the American magic and the free world consists in making it a consumer economy and the consumer of the consumer who can buy his own production pay for what he gets is the key to success or failure this is a broad and ambitious concept I agree and one that cannot be realized overnight but it's a great object to erect a great standard Toorak out of the white market we are at long last realistically facing the essence of the problem and something which cannot begin to be made up for in foreign aid even if we doubled or tripled our foreign aid and the Alliance for Progress. Now all of this all of these issues the country will be watching in the days ahead for a close as to what we can expect from the new administration the fact that previous administrations as I said when I began not of done better will not be an answer and I'd like to again affirm in closing as I did when I began my thorough devotion to the bipartisan foreign policy my dedication to giving every support to a commonly arrive that national policy based on adequate information as I have so many times before but my fundamental commitment and responsibility to be prepared to criticize to analyze to ring the alarm bell to propose alternatives and ideas with a view toward helping in every way to shape that national consensus and the decisions which are finally arrived at are I repeat no matter what we may do in our own country except in such particular issues for example civil rights which have in my judgment a very important worldwide effect we can be undone and overthrown as have so many great nations before our by the condition of the world and the strains and stresses put upon us by the world and therefore I believe that we should not be dazzled by. Dramatic moves but we should look at the ultimate reality which are very heavily in the field of Foreign Policy thank you from Luke Luke. I'll ask Matt Hudner our club treasurer to take the question. Thank you Barack. Say that many many a man can make a speech if he's permitted to and some can make a good speech but it's the rare man that can answer for it and Senator Jack Javits has a reputation for being able to handle hype when he's with the expertise of a rival chef so with a nod to the press over here if you will only be kind enough to when you rise to identify yourself let's start the questioning at the press table. Directly. Out of the radio I repeat the question have I sounded out sentiment in Latin America on the Common Market question we had a conference in Paris on January tenth and connection with this Adela project which I've a far at that time there were a number of very distinguished representatives including ambassadors of the number of the Latin American countries they spoke in the most glowing terms of their hopes and expectations. For the Latin American Free Trade Area of the Central American common market and gave every indication of being very deeply interested in trade policy as much as they are even more than aid policy as being the key to their economic problem I think and addition of course side from that rather dramatic example there's been a great deal of discussion about this matter throughout the Americas many distinguished man including messes virus come our go and dock to Cuba check or maybe important report for the Ekla. United Nations Commission. On Latin America I pointed out that it was this problem even more than the aid problems which were very trying for Latin American Progress but for all those reasons I believe that the subject would get very earnest consideration and discussion throughout the Americans. Are there any other questions from the press table I see Mrs Javits at the press table maybe she would have a question to ask her husband. Will call on Judge Amin had his hand up for his jaw judge on. Well in addition to and not aside from the native son my favorite presidential candidate as. Governor Nelson Iraq to follow. The has been is my favorite candidate and I think he's the best scripts prescription for the party in the country. Joe Joe Levy has a question. This is a rather recognize. The right side right. Close ally right right right. The question I asked is Why is why all this concern and excitement about the recognition of communist China Great Depression Great Britain recognise China communist China in one nine hundred fifty right at the beginning. Why should