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Friday, June 27, 2014
Who’s really benefiting from the GI Bill? Why does the U.S. Coast Guard have some explaining to do? How much arsenic in our water is actually safe? There’s always more to the story on this episode of Reveal.
Audio and more information for this program available here.
This third episode of "Reveal" examines the value of a degree from for-profit colleges reaping millions of dollars from GI Bill funds, explores the Coast Guard’s shaky safety record, exposes the backroom deals over arsenic in our water and delves into the secrecy around lethal injection drugs.
Profiting off of the GI Bill:
Under an expanded GI Bill, veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars can now go to college tuition-free. But there’s one campus in particular that has received more GI Bill money than any other campus in the country: the University of Phoenix in San Diego. Aaron Glantz explains the phenomenon and why veterans who graduate from there say they can’t get jobs with their degrees.
The Coast Guard's String of Deadly Accidents:
The U.S. Coast Guard has suffered a string of potentially avoidable and sometimes deadly accidents, along with hundreds of millions of dollars in equipment damage, lawsuits from civilians and internal investigations that have questioned safety procedures.
G.W. Schulz examines the safety record of the Coast Guard dating back to 2000 and finds lapses in judgment and missed opportunities to strengthen safety standards to protect crew members and civilians.
Schulz introduces us to a Coast Guard pilot whose helicopter ran into transmission wires that weren’t properly marked. He also talks with the family of a Coast Guard member who died as a result of a risky boating maneuver. And he speaks to the former commandant of the Coast Guard about the service’s safety record.
The Battle over Arsenic:
You may not know it, but you probably consume arsenic regularly in the food you eat and the water you drink. In 2008, scientists at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency determined that arsenic was 17 times more potent a carcinogen that previously thought. But a closed-door maneuver in Congress has blocked the EPA from issuing its findings.
David Heath takes us to Maine, where researchers have found that children drinking water containing arsenic – even water that met federal standards – scored significantly lower on IQ tests. The research is just one of hundreds of studies that call into question whether the current drinking-water standard for arsenic is adequate.
Heath unravels the backroom deals that have stalled the EPA’s latest assessment of arsenic. He examines how one paragraph of a congressional committee report attached to a bill instructed the agency not to take any actions based on its scientific findings. Heath investigates how one lawmaker received campaign contributions from a lobbyist for two pesticide companies that sell weed killer that was set to be banned on the condition that the EPA complete its scientific review of arsenic. Because of political interference, that ban never happened, and the weed killers are still on the market.
Arsenic makes up part of Earth's crust and is commonly found in groundwater. In 2001, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency lowered the drinking water standard from 50 parts per billion of arsenic to 10 parts per billion. The agency initially had proposed a limit of 5 parts per billion but faced criticism that it would be too costly for water companies to hit that target. Arsenic is known to cause a variety of cancers and has been linked to heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Recent research has found an association between arsenic levels below 10 parts per billion and IQ deficits in children. This map is based on arsenic readings from 45,000 wells collected by the U.S. Geological Survey throughout the country, going back four decades. In addition, the states of Texas and Minnesota provided data gathered on arsenic in private wells. In several other states, few readings were available.
Buying Execution Drugs in Secret:
Missouri is one of several states that are buying their execution drugs in secret.
But last year, St. Louis Public Radio reporters Chris McDaniel and Véronique LaCapra uncovered the identity of the state’s then-supplier, a pharmacy in Tulsa, OK. The pharmacy was not licensed to sell drugs in Missouri. The reporters also found that a top corrections official paid the pharmacy in cash – $11,000 per execution.