Oscar-Nominated Films Document Brutality of the Migrant Crisis

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Of the many films nominated for Oscars this year, two focus their lenses on the refugee crisis. Last year was the deadliest year for migrants crossing the Mediterranean bound for Europe, and according to the International Organization for Migration, more than 7,100 people died on their journeys, and more than half of that number were lost in the Mediterranean sea.

Italian Director Gianfranco Rosi received his first Oscar nomination for Best Documentary for his film "Fire at Sea" (trailer above), which tells the story of the migrant crisis from the perspective of a 10-year-old boy who lives on the Italian island of Lampedusa, which lies in the cross-hairs of a migrant route halfway between Tunis and Tripoli in the Mediterranean sea.

Daphne Matziaraki's film "4.1 Miles" (film below) was nominated for an Oscar for Best Documentary - Short Subject. Aboard a Greek coastguard ship, the filmmaker captured multiple rescues by one captain, Kyriakos Papadopoulos, in a single day all within the 4.1 mile stretch between the Turkish coast and the Greek island of Lesbos.

Here, Rosi and Matziaraki discuss their films and reflect on the migrant crisis.