JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: The United Nations announced the Paris agreement on climate change will take effect on November 4. It reached the threshold when more than 55 nations generating at least 55 percent of the planet’s greenhouse gas emissions signed on. President Obama walked out to the White House Rose Garden to hail the development and its implications.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: Today, the world meets the moment. And if we follow through on the commitments that this Paris agreement embodies, history may well judge it as a turning point for our planet. So,this gives us the best possible shot to save the one planet we have got.
JUDY WOODRUFF: The agreement calls for countries to report progress on reducing emissions, but doesn’t set binding limits.
The U.N. Security Council agreed unanimously today that Antonio Guterres of Portugal should be the United Nations’ next leader, its secretary-general. The former prime minister also served as U.N. high commissioner for refugees for 10 years. He would succeed Ban Ki-Moon. The Council votes tomorrow on recommending Guterres to the General Assembly.
In Afghanistan, Kunduz endured a third day of fierce fighting. Government forces in the provincial capital repelled fresh Taliban assaults, with the aid of U.S. helicopters. Smoke billowed over the city center, as hundreds of civilians began leaving. Local officials said they were forced out by the Taliban.
Tensions are building tonight between Iraq and Turkey, nations that have been allies in the fight against the Islamic State group. The Iraqi Parliament today denounced Turkey’s plans to keep troops at a camp inside Iraq for another year.
The Turkish foreign minister responded in Istanbul that it’s much ado about nothing.
MEVLUT CAVUSOGLU, Foreign Minister, Turkey (through translator): The camp was set up within the knowledge of Iraqi administration. Baghdad officials have visited this camp and have even provided financial support to it in the past. This problem occurred because of internal conflict of Iraqi policy.
JUDY WOODRUFF: The two nations are also at odds over Iraqi plans for retaking the city of Mosul from ISIS. The Turks are warning against using Shiite militias in the mainly Sunni region. We will take a closer look at those militias later in the program.
The U.S. Justice Department has charged a Maryland man with stealing secrets from the National Security Agency. A criminal complaint unsealed today names Harold Thomas Martin. He was a contractor for Booz Allen Hamilton. The same firm employed Edward Snowden, who, in 2013, revealed the NSA’s bulk collection of phone records.
On Wall Street, rising bond yields and oil prices boosted bank and energy stocks. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 112 points to close at 18281. The Nasdaq rose 26, and the S&P 500 added nine.
And the world’s oldest man has finally celebrated his bar mitzvah. Israel Kristal is now 113 years old. He grew up in Poland, but missed his coming-of-age ceremony because of World War I. He ultimately survived both World Wars and the Auschwitz death camp, and now lives in Israel. His family, including almost 30 great-grandchildren, joined him for the bar mitzvah last weekend.