The city's foreign-born population has crossed the 3 million mark, a figure without precedent in municipal history and indicative of a decades-long metamorphosis of New York's character.
The milestone is one of many figures contained in a newly released report, "The Newest New Yorkers," published by the city's Department of City Planning. The report is based on data from the 5-year American Community Survey, taken between 2007 and 2011. The city's previous report was released in 2005.
- 37.2% of the city's residents are foreign-born, the highest proportion since 1910. In 1970, it was just 18 percent.
- Washington Heights has the largest number of foreign-born of any city neighborhood (80,174), followed by Bensonhurst, Elmhurst, Corona and Jackson Heights.
- Elmhurst has the highest proportion of foreign-born residents of any NYC neighborhood, 71 percent.
- The foreign-born population from China grew by 34 percent between 2000 and 2011, and by 52 percent for people from Mexico.
- At present rates, Chinese New Yorkers are set to become the city's largest immigrant group within a few years, overtaking Dominicans.
- The boroughs with the highest rate of foreign-born growth were the Bronx (22 percent) and Staten Island (36 percent).
- The immigration in-flow is strong across the metropolitan region: Hudson County in New Jersey is 40 percent foreign-born, higher than any county in the region but Queens.
- Immigrants from India have the highest median household income, at $83,000. The native-born median is under $55,000.