City Defends School Measures, With or Without Letter Grades

Last Bloomberg-era Report Cards Show Stable Marks

Wednesday, November 13, 2013 - 04:15 PM

Chief Academic Officer Shael Polakow-Suransky with Simone D'Souza Executive Director, Office of Research, Accountability and Data (Beth Fertig/WNYC)

Annual letter grades awarded to almost all of the city's public schools mostly were stable despite tough new state tests that garnered much lower scores across the board, and a storm that displaced hundreds of students and faculty for months.

Fewer than 30 percent of city students passed their state math and reading tests in grades 3-8 this spring because they were tied to more difficult new standards. Still, the grade distribution on the 2012-13 progress reports was virtually identical to that of previous years so as not to penalize students for the change in state exams.


The D.O.E. also withheld grades for 11 schools hit hard by Sandy and removed November attendance data for all schools because of the storm. 

At the press briefing on Wednesday the mixed legacy of the progress reports was a central focus, both by the media and by Chief Academic Officer Shael Polakow-Suransky who defended the data-driven system of rating schools in place since 2007.

"What I believe is that we have to have a system to measure school quality and I think we need to be clear about how we're going to hold schools accountable for student learning and for the work they're doing," he told reporters.

The release of this year's report cards had a quieter tone than in previous years, when Bloomberg often accompanied the chancellor to boast of progress in the public schools. Instead, this year he and Schools Chancellor Dennis Walcott attended an announcement of a donation from AT&T to fund a software curriculum. Still, the mayor couldn't resist weighing in, arguing the progress reports were an important tool for families seeking information about the schools.

"Parents don't have the ability to go and get down in the weeds and go through all the data," Bloomberg said. "Number one, a lot of them have to go to work and don't have the time and, number two, as you all know in education there's nothing simple and there's never a one right answer and there's always some good and some bad and everything. So getting it down to something that they can use, I think, is not making it too simplistic but quite the contrary I think it's making it useful."

Suransky - who is thought to be vying to remain at the Department of Education - didn't offer such a passionate defense of the letter grades. He demurred when asked what he thought of de Blasio's decision to abandon them.

"It's not my place to sort of make a case for the next administration around what decisions they are going to make, but we definitely have been working hard to document the work that we've done on this and we've also been working hard to innovate."

He said those innovations included a pilot program to look at ways of including other examples of student work to measure performance and progress besides standardized tests.

But he stood by the city using its report cards to help schools improve. He noted that over the last two years, on average, 77 percent of schools that created an action plan after receiving a D or F improved their grade in the following year.

Also, perhaps in a nod to the end of its influence, the city will not close any schools based on low marks. Instead, it will hold "engagement" meetings with many of them to develop strategies to improve. The full list of these struggling schools will be released on Thursday.


Comments [4]

David from 11210

When a school gets a lower, yet passing grade, teachers don't wait to transfer out. When a school gets a higher grade, the teachers apply for positions in that school. In a sense, the Letter Grade works like the Market, teachers "sell" before the school goes bust and "buy" when the school shows signs of being well managed.

Bloomberg simply shifted the funds from teaching and learning resources that can be reliable measures of a school's effectiveness, to snowballing the costs at the managerial, administrative, and bureaucratic end, which have no basis in evaluating students' learning.

Labeling schools has sent the wrong message to parents and teachers in the city, at a great expense.

In order to improve the quality of education in New York City, schools need to reduce the administrative overhead (each administrator costs the City between $95,000 and $150,000, plus overtime, many of them without classroom experience anyway).

Decreasing the sizes of the schools has increased the administrative budget, without any real gains to show. The result has been to produce a less cost effective product and tragically, a reduction in the number of skilled teachers who remain in the classroom- especially in those schools where experience counts the most.

Cut administrative costs by 25% and increase the school day by 25% (1 principal=4 teachers) would have a greater impact on both student learning and morale.

Nov. 16 2013 08:34 AM
Ytejada from the Bronx from The Bronx, NYC

I totally agree with Jess from Washington Heights. I live in the Bronx and my 8th grader goes to school in Manhattan. Most of the options we're putting on the high school application are schools in Manhattan but the ones he likes the most are all in District 2. I'm putting only two from the Bronx. We're keeping our fingers crossed hoping he is accepted into any of the ones we're putting on the application but it is discouraging to learn that we have to go far from home to benefit from a good program and school.

Nov. 14 2013 11:39 PM
Eli Pearce from Park Slope, Brooklyn

Cant get PS 321 in Brooklyn Park Slope. First St. and 7th Ave on the rating map. Map is too small and it is cut off.

Nov. 14 2013 09:56 AM
jess from Washington Heights

My child is applying to high schools in NYC. I heard it would be stressful but i never did i think it would be like this. Harder than college. Why? Why does district 2 have a hold on the best schools in the city.
What happens to the smart kid who tests poorly? This is really dissapointing.

Nov. 14 2013 08:00 AM

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