This episode is from the WNYC archives. It may contain language which is no longer politically or socially appropriate.
Dr. Nelson Mead introduces Harry J. Carman, the final speaker in the Our Stake in the War series. He is a professor of History at Columbia University. Carman's speech is titled "The War and the American Standard of Living."
Carman discusses the American way of life, as established by the founding fathers, and improved by the past half centuries of technological advances.
He discusses the current struggle against "slavery and darkness," noting that winning the war is not enough, peace must be established.
Carman identifies bullet points to ensure peace.
1. Collective responsibility must be established. The time of isolationism has passed.
2. Harsh economic sanctions should not be imposed on nations after the war. Provisions must be made for axis nations, or the seeds for another war will be sewn.
3. Race does not determine a man's worth, this type of prejudice must be abolished.
4. Every effort should be made to keep hatred against the aggressors at a minimum.
5. From an international angle, the mechanisms of peace must be backed by a spirit of humanity.
6. The United States and every other nation must realize the economics and politics are intimately tied, and should be treated as such. We must avoid being led by men with selfish ends.
7. Post war programs must take head of the inevitable downward swing the economy will face. Men and woman employed in the war industries must continue to be employed to improve living standards. We also must not forget about the rest of the world.
8. The war has accentuated changes in technology. This will increase leisure time and will have an effect on the youth. Changes in education should be considered.
9. We must eliminate social and economic ills. Natural resources must be preserved. There is economic unease for the rural and urban poor. Income is badly distributed, political corruption must be rectified. White America must remove the barriers of segregation and discrimination.
10. Humanity should have precedence over individual economic greed. Integrity and loyalty should be valued above all else.
He encourages the United States to use their resources to the benefit of all mankind and reject a greedy route.
Audio courtesy of the City University of New York
WNYC archives id: 71455