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Over one million people fleeing places like Syria and Iraq crossed the Mediterranean Sea last year, and about 850,000 made trips across the Aegean Sea from Turkey to Greece.
Though the number of Syrians arriving in Europe fell from 55,000 in February to 3,000 in August, more migrants are attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Libya to Italy, including about 150,000 last year, up from 64,000 five years ago. It's a deadly journey — more than 3,173 migrants, many of them from Nigeria, Libya, and Niger, have died during the trip, which represents a 14 percent increase from 2015, according to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees.
Gianfranco Rosi is the director of the new documentary "Fire at Sea," which won the Amnesty International Award at the Berlin International Film Festival. For a year and a half, Rosi lived in Lampedusa, a small Italian island in the Mediterranean just north of the Libyan coast. He stayed on board Italian warships that were responding to distress calls from wooden boats full of migrants hoping for a new life in Europe, and he shares his story today on The Takeaway.