Ever since home video games were introduced four decades ago, mastering them has typically involved late nights in front of a screen, fueled by junk food.
Jake Middleton is a personal trainer who started a new business training video gamers. He says there's more to it than being parked in front of a screen.
"Really what's going on is they have elevated heart rate, they have a lot of cortisol flowing through their body," he says.
Middleton's customized in-person training, which costs $200 a month, includes exercises like yoga for posture, tossing a medicine ball to improve reflexes and cardio for stamina.
"Trying to maximize each player to where, whenever they go up and they play in their competition, they're not only just healthy and feeling the best, but they're ready to perform," he says.
This may seem like a lot of work to get a high score, but fitness training is catching on.
Robert Yip is the performance coach for the professional Los Angeles-based team, the Immortals. Teams like his compete for prize money that added up to more than $65 million last year. He says the days of a slacker hoping to make it big in gaming are coming to an end.
"You're getting paid a lot of money but at the same time, you have to treat it like it's an actual job. It's fun, but it's very, very demanding," Yip says.
He provides fitness training, meal planning and a structured lifestyle for his team of college-aged players, who spend hours a day in front of a screen. For them, the coaching isn't just to boost scores. It's also about providing balance.
"We're very much invested in making sure that it's a holistic wellness program, that they're not just going to be playing the video game a lot, that they're not just going to be sitting in front of the computer at all times," Yip says. "We want to make sure that they have a social life, that they have active recovery periods, that they are not burning out because they're still very, very young."
But what about the average gamer? Is fitness training something that could catch on?
Ben Stickler, for example, isn't after a pro gaming career or sponsorship deal, but he loves the online game League of Legends. He says if personal training can make him a better player, he might do it.
"You gotta take care of yourself. You can't just sit around and just kind of melt away into nothing. You gotta take care of yourself, and that'll take care of the game," Stickler says.
Only a handful of pro teams currently have full-time performance coaches. As more money and sponsorship go into gaming, trainers hope there will be more demand for their services, among both pros and, just maybe, the gamer up all night in his basement.