This episode is from the WNYC archives. It may contain language which is no longer politically or socially appropriate.
Irita Van Doren opens the luncheon with a drawing for autographed books. She then introduces Chester Bowles, author of "The New Dimensions of Peace." He speaks about our relations with Asia and Africa and contrasts those relationships with the US relationship to Europe after the second world war.
Next, A.C. Spectorsky is introduced. Author of "The Exurbanites," speaks humorously about a class of New Yorkers who have left the city for the suburbs.
Finally, Guthrie McClintic discusses his acting career.
Audio courtesy of the NYC Municipal Archives WNYC Collection
WNYC archives id: 71258
Municipal archives id: LT6939
This is a machine-generated transcript. Text is unformatted and may contain errors.
I'd like. You. I'd like to introduce to you before we begin our program. This table going to you. All right. Is the. Stream writing down at the end of the table is Mr Executive Secretary of the American Booksellers Association. And then comes. The suspect. Now skip the next one and come. Up. On the for executives committee of brothers. Is. Beautiful. I. Like. Thomas. Much. Darker Mackenzie of American Booksellers. Drawing up for the autograph books. And I'm going to. Make. Has at least seen this done so many times that he doesn't need instructions. First lucky person is Mrs. KENYON of. The new dimensions of. The luncheon is over you may come up and claim your books because table. This. Is. Your. Mrs William. Is it rip. Home there when you're J.C. What is the name. I hope you recognize it and will come get your book because I'm afraid we haven't done very well with it I think it is however right of all five of them is right that you have got to McClintock and. This time incidentally we have four books to draw off all because one of our authors has not only written his own book but he has assembled a book written by other people that is marvelously interesting and very handsome so you get four books to draw decide the next one is this is a serial right this is rice. That's the ex-urban knight than a suspect Sophie. And the fourth is Mrs Alice Porter of Brooklyn this is Florida the suspect off the big book The Book of the mountains a very handsome book our value. And you come up and get them after the life. After wait a minute you can hear me back after. Our first speaker today is going to be just the bowls and the bowls have to catch a train and have to leave almost immediately after his own speech and we hope you will forgive him he's going to speak very to us. I'm New England I'm suffering a successful businessman acquainted with public service by Ference of national crisis ministry and director of economic stabilization and with our international responsibilities as American delegate to the very few Next go conference and his consultants the privilege on the problems of post-war Europe he had behind him an unusually rich background when he was elected governor of Connecticut when that term of service was over he was appointed ambassador to India Nepal by President Truman and film again in that very first hand his deep and continuing interest in the you know ambassadors report his very first book if you own the sympathetic understanding of a changing world which he had acquired as a result of that time to spread the knowledge he had gained and his deep awareness of the problems of the problem for all of us he undertook a drastic lecture programme building on three hundred sixty occasions throughout the United States businessmen farmers working men and those people housewives and. Always on one subject our urgent need for a bipartisan foreign policy that will very contemporary world reality to understand even better what those realities are today and Mrs Bowles traveled thirty five thousand miles from across in the Gold Coast across west central and east Africa back to Pakistan India and Burma and finally home by way of London everywhere he found revolutionary forces of one sort or another at work and everywhere that was the question. Will the revolution which is clearly in the making be a democratic revolution a revolution losing him would be democratic self-government human dignity economic progress and. Our Will it be a totalitarian revolution which would lack the important elements of self-government and human dignity with the Bull sees all that is going on into Mia and longer practice he points out that we ourselves were blown in revolution democratic revolution and that in the competition with totalitarianism we have that historical advantage but has crumbled by the use or misuse we are making of our advantage as for instance the fact that though the recent Bandung Conference of twenty nine nations representing a billion and a half people was opened with a gracious reminder of our revolution just one hundred eighty years before our government sent no greeting and a State Department official described our attitude as benevolent indifference just bowls argues knowledgably persuasively and passionately at a time that we cannot afford to be indifferent to what is going on in the world today will determine our thinking and our best hope is that if we act wisely we can have a share in shaping that place to our aims and our ideals new dimensions of mass is an important book. With great pleasure in could use its own Thanks man learn to reading and listening to his words ring true testament Thank you. Thank you very much because then there are fellow authors ladies and gentleman I think perhaps anyone who is not an author should explain first of all why he writes a book. Perhaps the reason I wrote this book was that I wasn't an employed public servant and as an in-flight public servant I was probably just little bit frustrated you see if you're employed as a public servant you can do something about the same you're going to work from eight o'clock in the morning to overlay to may go at night trying to do something for your unemployment public servants or whatever reason. You have to take it out in writing and talking as best you can I think perhaps another reason was the fact that I was deeply worried I was worried when I went to India and saw how tragically the people that are there were drifting away from the people of my own country in the fall of one nine hundred fifty two right this completed a trip of about one month through East Asia I came back to Delhi extremely concerned I think it was then that this book began to grow and they put together when I completed this summer I was still worried and I like to point out that my worries covers two administrations one Democratic and one Republican so you might say that my worries are totally bipartisan. I. Am thinking back over the past ten years in trying to review the last decade first decade after the Second World War I think we're all struck with the great progress we made and you're there we're on familiar ground dealing with the mayor's problems and familiar people and we responded with great imagination and great skill icing and great bonus to the Communist threat through the Truman Doctrine the Marshall Plan the NATO alliance were able to hold the advance of Communism to the furthest limits reached by the Red Army we accomplished this to the leadership of the administration in Washington backed up by the opposition party in the name of said that and it was a good record and one in which we can all be proud and Asia and that first decade after the Second World War Their record was a lot less good when the war was finished. A D.J. day we stood at the very pinnacle of our success we had prayed most of Asia from Japanese imperial isn't that people look to us as the great hope for the future yet ten years later six hundred million Chinese that gone under communist government and were allied against us and all over Asia there were signs of a growing distrust of our motives and our the attitudes that we were for taking this is something I think all of us have to be concerned with because most of the people live in the Far East and Africa and most the people of the world are not White People Like most people of the east but of the West but colored peoples or rather suspicious of us for the long period of the colonial past a lot of fraying in Washington I asked a group of people of high standing in our Congress in our government to describe for me policy what is power in the modern context of this world in which we live they all agreed unanimously that par was a composite of our pile of atomic bombs are to T.J. care for us our bases guys throughout the world our steel production our Army our Navy our communication systems not one of them mentions people our ideas and yet in the last eight or ten years one day and two hundred million people throughout the world had changed their form of government and spy the fact that power as narrowly defined so narrowly defined was arrayed in favor of the status quo ideas and people good ideas and bad ideas that represents to a large extent power today in much of the worlds. In China a bad idea held by and I speak to young who are nineteen twenty six had two hundred rifles that thousand then finally conquered a country of nearly six million in India a great idea through Gandhi finally induced a birdie to haul down the British flag and set India free and Pakistan and Burma and Ceylon at the same time and one of the great Most statesman like acts of all history here you had powers spelled out in terms of people and ideas in Indonesia as the Dutch returned to try to take over they did not lack power in the sense of military policy they had their chairman tanks they had their P. thirty eight they had their machine guns but they were beaten by ideas and finally forced to leave and when the French failed in Indochina it was not for lack of weapons it was not for lack of military support from us we gave them three billion dollars words and still a sale after thirty seven thousand young men were killed in the process. Again ideas and people were arrayed against them and they were defeated this is something I think we had to face think deeply about as we search for answers in these coming years and Europe that was enough to return the world to the status quo of nineteen thirty nine to let it get a good start to rebuild for a city in various cities and pliant and Germany to try to put Europe back on its feet so its all political institutions would have a tad to work again like if you try to restore the status quo in Asia or stand for in Africa your standing against history because people there do not like this dows call they want to get rid of Hitler's them they want to get rid of problems they want to get rid of colonialism and we have a fear of not closed parts of the world to stand for the status quo or like communist foreign Morehead claim to stand for change they have said we want to get rid of colonialism we want to get rid of feudalism we want the people to have the land these are false promises they're proud of and proud but they're appealing to people desperate for change it seems to me if we're going to understand his complicated world in which we live we've got to do a great deal of homework I've tried to do that homework and involving a good deal of history the histories of right yet seen through many different eyes histories of China histories of India and raised very soon again or reveals back in their own history of our own country I tried to take the history of the Russian Revolution the impact of Karl Marx and Lenin as valid on the rights of people and the Russian Revolution to try to interpret it so of a more understandable I tried to the same thing and there is a Chinese revelation and also the Indian revolution which stands against these two totalitarian revolutions. Of course today we're faced with new tactics and very portable tactics from the Soviet Union which I believe put greater emphasis and back of all the things I'm trying to do say this Soviet Union at the summit meeting last summer say the NATO decided one thing and one thing only and that is that nuclear war would be a disaster for them as it was for everybody concerned they could blow up crap that there is in the Arctic are going to Cleveland they will lose their own country in the process they know that they see this is a dead end this does not mean they're going to agree on Germany it doesn't mean we're going to get a solution to the problems of disarmament it doesn't mean that they're going to be live an easy answers the only means of the Soviet Union a shifting over into a new field of competition ideas politics and economics and they're they're making great progress they're making progress in North Africa and making in the Middle East and they can India throughout much of Asia than they eventually and they get in Germany this is a challenge that we face we should not be further follow that we shouldn't run away if ever there was a challenge that the American people would face with confidence that if they transferred the competition to a ball feel it which we are very very we are the great industrial power that knows how to turn out mechanical goods of all kind and on the level of the bottom where the people that could help other people do it a less poverty and greater opportunity our political techniques our democratic ideals are admirably fitted to this new kind of computation and our ideas are really the ideas which are writing history today following don't recognize them as. Bond presents that car know it all thing that conference last year did not quote from the gate there or the Qur'an and certainly not from Carlisle. He quoted from the Midnight Ride of Paul Revere this happened to be the nineteenth day of April and he pointed out that the Valley of Lexington the first struggle of a subject people to throw off colonial shackles was fought on that day one hundred eighty years ago it so he cited Longfellow's Klein and his private yacht her heard around the world and as the bonding Conference met it drew up a series of resolutions you can boil these resolutions down to for their first was great and from colonial rule this second was the dignity of man regarded as races creators call it that very was expanding economic up economic opportunities for all and then and the fourth would be these ideas were not concocted in Moscow they were not developed in the King they came in through Independence Hall the Declaration of Independence they're written together thirty address their part of our history these ideas were given birth by us of the West the Atlantic ours and most of all the American people this is our revolution out there spreading across the world and the tragic thing is that killing people are frightened by it because they don't understand it because they've gotten out of touch with their own great past and things that we learned in Sunday school that we say are not in our houses of worship and listen to what our Fourth of July expresses as somehow seeds of the as meaningful as a good and the danger of courses at Moscow and P.K. are not trying to steal easy ideas and take them from us and claim them for their own twisting on their distorting on their trying to stand before the world as a people who stand against colonialism and for the dignity of man and for greater economic progress and for peace one of the greatest fraud it's ever been offered the world of course we know it is a fraud but people who are poor and desperate and insecure are not quite sure and this is a town a challenge that we should face with the greatest confidence. As we face is if you're the first thing I believ