What Bill Bratton Learned in Boston, New York (The First Time), and LA
Friday, December 06, 2013
Three reporters who covered Bill Bratton in three different cities compare notes: Frank Zimring, professor of Law at the University of California-Berkeley and author of The City that Became Safe, discusses Bratton's first stint as commissioner in New York. Then, Boston Globe columnist, Kevin Cullen, gives his take on Bratton in Boston. And KPCC reporter Frank Stoltze discusses Bratton's record leading the Los Angeles police department.
What Bill Bratton Learned in Each City
- Boston: Play the PR Game The Boston Globe's Kevin Cullen says that Bratton learned early that "if you don’t have the media and the public on your side you aren’t going to succeed." He came up quickly in the BPD and was almost “too ambitious by half. It wasn’t surprising that he had to go to New York to succeed at the highest levels.”
- Boston: Make Friends With Wonks Cullen says Bratton "had no problem rubbing elbows with academics." Police departments can shun think-tank-types but Bratton sought out Harvard professors and other academics using statistics to research crime prevention. Frank Zimring says this continued in New York, where many of the "broken windows" ideas came from outside the police force.
- NYC: Consolidate Information Frank Zimring says that the famous CompStat program was about using statistics to set crime-reduction goals, but it was also a way of consolidating power. Under CompStat, central managers were able to keep a close eye on what was going on at the precinct level. Bratton brought this model to Los Angeles, says Frank Stoltze of KPCC.
- LA: Police = Democracy In Los Angeles, Stoltze says Bratton was genuinely convinced that that the LAPD wasn't just a crime-prevention unit, but a “primary force for social change” that could actively repair race relations. The police are the face of government for many citizens, and as such can help strengthen democratic systems, Bratton believes.