This episode is from the WNYC archives. It may contain language which is no longer politically or socially appropriate.
New York Queen of Commerce is a new series of transcribed historic, educational dramas recreating stirring periods and moments in the commercial and economic growth of New York City.
Today's episode - Beginning Manhattan's Maritime Bottoms. New York's recovery after the Revolutionary War. From 1783 to 1789, much activity took place. Re-enactment of the voyage of Captain Stewart Dean's Hudson River Sloop Experiment to China, the first American ship to travel to and from China.
Includes a supplementary message from Frank O'Branert, of the Bureau of Information, American Merchant Marine Institute, about the Merchant Marines.
Lloyd Moss - Narrator
Alan Feinstein - the Captain
Alfred Israel - John Franklin
Phil Dixon - John Wetton
Marvin Laskowitz - Sound and Music
Helen Milstead - Production Assistant
Kenneth H. Dunshee - Writer
L. Porter Moore - Series Consultant
Historical New York Times lists broadcast as Thursday, 11/27/1952, at 6:30pm.
Presented under the auspices of the Greater New York Civic Center Committee of the Downtown Manhattan Association, the Department of Commerce of the City of New York, and the New York Journal American, and is produced by the Municipal Broadcasting System. Heard three times weekly on the New York City Board of Education Station WNYE-FM. Rebroadcast in the City's classrooms.
Audio courtesy of the NYC Municipal Archives WNYC Collection
WNYC archives id: 5838
Municipal archives id: LT262
This is a machine-generated transcript. Text is unformatted and may contain errors.
New York of Commerce. Educational drama. And the commercial economic growth of New York City. Thank you. For. New York's recovery after eight long years of the Revolutionary War was amazing not an easy accomplishment commerce was almost a. British marine laws of ribbit of the building of ships for commerce most of the. Navy or those profiteers during the struggle for freedom or out of repair or inadequate to the needs of Commerce in the period from the day the British left New York and seven hundred eighty seven hundred eighty nine much activity took place. Here the federal government. And the Continental Congress worked to establish a firm basis for the recovery and well being of the nation. General Washington came to be inaugurated president on the balcony of the Old City Hall which was then and Wall Street it was in New York but the new president and his family came to number one. The beautiful colonial mansion which stood there was placed at the disposal of the Washington's by John Franklin a New York merchant this remarkable man Franklin was one of the group were determined to build the nation's Merchant Marine and to establish trade with the far flung markets of the world it was typical of the hardy breed of merchants such as. The Griswold Brown victims and others who made commercial and ship building history and those starting date shipyards and ways extended all along the lower East River from Maiden Lane to. Franklin's yard and Wharf were near the foot of Roosevelt Street where the Alfred E. Smith housing development now stands in seventeen eighty five the whole town was thrilled and excited over the return of the first American shift to establish trade with China here from the harbor of count on came the ship Empress of China with new and curious treasures and huge profits to our merchant owners Elias next and another well merchant was not one to overlook opportunity or delay action with a companion he strode into the dim and terrier of the Indian team Tavern in Cherry Street and the following took place. And morning Elias good day to your John Franklin permit me to present Captain steward bean captain does a pleasure and I am honored to serve a seated gentleman Mr Lennox they's be so kind as to introduce my friends into that remarkable new shipment of Madeira you received two shipments I came about a knot winds on my associates and I are determined not to delay further we must have a strong bottom for China trade a couple years you're right my yards are working from dawn till dusk within another month you'll have a choice of either of the ships the governor Clinton or the hope a month from I expect here to be coasting South America within a month no it is not satisfactory man we can't do the impossible job among the next few merchants to reach can time will be one we'll establish the first permanent trading house there and I aim to be the one realize that you'll get your ship as fast as I can drive my men but I can't to Franklin would it be possible to look over the work now in progress by all means let us go to the shipyard come down and I think you'll be interested to see all of us got it hi John. That. Yeah those Paul Revere commerce might sure do the trick. With that. Ride and see how she carries herself well now that her spars are ship and fine she launched well and she'll say well. Yeah there is no one of the ships down here can lift cattle to her for grace and I'll wager she'll stand up anything there's almost a shame to waste around the family straight up I'd like to go anywhere and there but. Here comes the Franklin and next and fellow that's canteen with him I I know him from the Navy What's he doing here it's like well some of. My most trusted man Thank you Mr Franklin I think we've met before I was showing Mr Nixon and the captain coming and how soon we shall be able to give him a ship should be able to sail within sixty days all over them seven days what did you say Captain I said within seven days the them is the next and didn't do her justice but. The prettiest float next oh it's time you're worrying about I can see that in speed you want well there it is but Captain China across the whole world and that's it. Can do it he can do it for sailors Yes I think of experimenting with life in such a couple shaliach it will color the experiment it's settled the details later he doesn't write any more than eighty five times you'll never get an underwriting and you'll never get a. Captain Dean will have me and I know Sammy wants to go along that's real fun is the next one I've heard of John like the name of the first mate right here and Sambo young if you're determined and your family approves Well I can use a cabin boy if Mr Franklin agrees I love stand in the way of free men if they're determined but as cannibals and swift. I know was an bloodthirsty pirate Well Mr Franklin I have an order from Mr Paulding of the Navy Department for six carriage guns Potter and great ball and bar shots and a supply of quite some cut this is Mr Nixon will provide a triple service small arms for each of our crew that's right get this a fragment from your men take up this ordinance and start it all shipshape as it will be done my cargo of trade goods are mostly first gainsaying route is made up ready for loading so be it lads one week from today we sail and what a trip it will be. Right on schedule the train little experiments drop down the east river and past the battery with a full set of sails and your head held high the crew of nine mustered in the narrow waist of the Hudson sloop gave three rousing cheers up a supply of storms ice Pacific gales and long tedious columns tested the little craft but true to the protection of first mate John weapon to help build her she remained a sound trip and she could sail rings around anything they ever saw. In spite of inaccurate maps adverse winds and risky navigation through various Island formations the landmarks of one poor Harbor and ten ton China finally came into view. This is what either often come up into the when I look close enough to meet the boards being rolled up to meet. The glass we can make the room looking Chinese and an English officer says ID I. Was shown a. Great. What's wrong with it. And the distinguished. And the honorable gentleman. American they pay you the compliment. And then which means. People. Stand ready for inspection of payment to. Print those very very thin. Certainly couldn't ever get back again. And so the second United States. First trip. Back. Material brought back. Some of the represent. Many important factors that went into the making. Have heard another. New York. Times. A lot of money that I write or album. Out. Until the. Music and song. But auction was held on. New York queen of Commerce was written by. Voice You will hear as of Mr Franco Brainard director of the Bureau of Information American Merchant Marine Institute Mr Brain or such was the beginning of our great part under the stars and stripes it was also the beginning of the American Merchant Marine and such this voyage to China made in seven hundred eighty four by the tiny slope experiment was certainly an ambitious project but the following one hundred sixty odd years have shown that New York and American ships and shipping have more than fulfill the promise of their inheritance today New York is the world's greatest port. Commerce means much in peace time and in war without it would be seriously handicapped our way of life completely disrupted since seven hundred eighty four we continue to be the site of great stepping stones in our maritime progress decades later the palace and the echo. Of. Robert Plant ten years after that the Savannah was built in New York to become the first frost and the ocean and so on down to the great line are United States. In New York thank you Mr Brain. This program is present. Under the auspices of the Greater New York centric center. But apartment of Commerce of the city of New York. Is produced by the municipal Broadcasting System. These programs also are heard. At a Board of Education station. F.M. broadcast and. We invite you to be with us again next week.