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The Fourth Part of the World

New World detail from the Waldsseemüller world map of 1507, including the first use of the name America.
New World detail from the Waldsseemüller world map of 1507, including the first use of the name America. ( Courtesy of the Geography & Map Division, Library of Congress. )
The monstrous races. From Sebastian Münster, Cosmographiae uniuersalis (1553).
The monstrous races. From Sebastian Münster, Cosmographiae uniuersalis (1553). ( Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books. )
The medieval Christian cosmos, from Hartmann Schedel's Nuremburg Chronicle (1492).
The medieval Christian cosmos, from Hartmann Schedel's Nuremburg Chronicle (1492). ( Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books. )
World map, Claudius Ptolemy (1482).
World map, Claudius Ptolemy (1482). ( Courtesy of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. )
The three-part world of the Middle Ages, by Simon Marmion, from Jean Mansel, La Fleur des Histoires (1460).
The three-part world of the Middle Ages, by Simon Marmion, from Jean Mansel, La Fleur des Histoires (1460). ( Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique. Via Wikimedia Commons. )
The Waldsseemüller world map of 1507.
The Waldsseemüller world map of 1507. ( Courtesy of the Geography & Map Division, Library of Congress. )
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