Today in History: Japanese Surrender

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japansurrenderOn September 2, 1945, Japanese officials signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Here General MacArthur speaks at the signing ceremony.

“We are gathered here representatives of the major warring powers to conclude a solemn agreement whereby peace may be restored. The issues involving divergent ideals and ideologies have been determined on the battlefields of the world and hence are not for our discussion or debate...It is my earnest hope and indeed the hope of all mankind that from this solemn occasion a better world shall emerge out of the blood and carnage of the past, a world dedicated to the dignity of man, and the fulfillment of his most cherished wish for freedom, tolerance, and justice....

As Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, I announce it my firm purpose in the tradition of the countries represent to proceed in the discharge of my responsibilities with justice and tolerance while taking all necessary dispositions to ensure that the terms of surrender are fully, promptly and faithfully complied with. I now invite the representatives of the Emperor of Japan, and the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to sign the instrument of surrender at the places indicated.”

Thanks to WNYC Archivist Andy Lanset