With No Unified Database, Many Murder Victims Remain Nameless

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

A serial killer who committed suicide in an Alaska jail last year confessed to murdering at least 11 people across the country. But Israel Keyes didn't name names, and investigators trying to figure out who he killed are running into a major stumbling block: There is no unified, mandatory national database for missing persons.

One of the few known victims was Anchorage resident Samantha Koenig. She was selling coffee at an espresso stand outside a gym when Keyes abducted and killed her. Her father, James, a burly man with icy blue eyes, holds back tears as he talks about the ordeal.

"I miss her laugh and her smile and her eyes and hearing 'Daddy' come out of her mouth," he says. "That's one of the greatest things to hear, is my name called from her voice."

Even though the mystery of his own daughter's disappearance has been solved, Koenig has stayed involved with advocates for missing persons, trying to figure out who else Keyes killed.

Struggling To Piece Together Different Databases

In a dimly lit back office at the Anchorage Police Department, investigators are piecing together Keyes' travels on a map. They say he may have killed other people in places he traveled to over the past decade. And he traveled a lot: to Seattle, Los Angeles, Houston and Chicago, among other cities.

Anchorage police officer Jeff Bell says that because Keyes killed himself, they're trying to make this map of travels speak for him, but it's difficult because of the kinds of victims he picked.

"He claimed that he could look at someone and decide [that] some people just look like they would be more missed than others," Bell says.

Bell, who interrogated Keyes extensively, says Keyes preyed on people in remote locations, like in parks and along trails. With only a few exceptions, Keyes took the names of his victims to the grave. And Bell says using multiple existing missing persons databases run by many different parties โ€” state, county and local officials as well as nonprofits โ€” is inconsistent, confusing and overwhelming.

"I remember getting the list of missing people and it was depressing because there was a printed stack of papers that was at least 3 inches thick," Bell says.

Although Bell says it sometimes seems futile, he still rakes through evidence and combs through the killer's home computer, hoping to identify other victims.

"You always feel like you've missed something or that there's gonna be an obvious clue that stands out that we missed."

No Reporting Required

Bell isn't working the Keyes case alone. The FBI's lead agent, Jolene Goeden, wishes there were a better option, too. Using what they've learned from the Keyes case, Bell and Goeden say it's critical that there be a single, national database for missing adults that everybody uses.

"Unlike children, where you have the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, there is no such thing for adults," Goeden says.

But the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children is federally mandated and has long-term government funding. The closest thing to that for adults is the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System, or NamUs, which is funded by the Justice Department. But it's not required by Congress and doesn't have a long-term funding source.

Todd Matthews, director of communications for NamUs, helps run the database out of the University of North Texas. "A federal mandate would help to bring the compliance and force people to do what they need to do to get the cases into the system," he says. "You know, a one-stop shop."

Creating the unified database that many local, state and national law enforcement officials want has become something of a cause for Koenig.

Knowing the fate of his daughter, Koenig says, is still a struggle. "That's the hardest part of my days anymore, is waking up and reliving it every day in the hopes it's a nightmare, and she's gonna come walking through the door any minute."

But knowing, he says, is better than not knowing. Estimates put the number of unidentified human remains in the U.S. at around 40,000. Somewhere among them are likely the names of Israel Keyes' other victims.

Copyright 2013 Alaska Public Radio Network. To see more, visit

Source: NPR


Comments [2]

Gray Buckley from Colorado

For decades there have been computerized files of missing persons and unidentified human remains in the FBI's National Crime Information Center. It is available to every peace officer in the U.S. and Canada, every minute, every hour, every day. The continuing challenge is to educate every investigator on how and when to use those tools, and to persuade those who do not to do their jobs properly. Cooperation is the key. For details:

May. 17 2013 11:14 AM
Jan Smolinski from Connecticut

This is an excellent article and to the point. I am a mom of a missing son Billy Smolinski who was 31 years old when he went missing almost nine years ago. Being an adult male, police said he very capable of taking care of himself. The report of Billy missing was not taken seriously. According to police he is now a presumed homcide but has never been found.
Many mistkes were made in Billy's case which directed me to different legislators. My information was recieved well by Congressman Murphy (now Senator Murphy) and the bill for Billy's law was created.
The bill sailed through U.S House of Representatives and when it reached the U.S Senate
one Senator from Oklahoma opposed. The bill went back and the language was changed. It is ready to be reintroduced into Congress however we need enthusisum and co sponsors.
Billy's law is asking for funding so LE cold learn the database NamUs and help enter the names and information of missing persons into the database so families will have a better chance of bringing a loved one home.
Consider NamUs as a tool for LE and Medical Examiners to use to help in cases.

May. 16 2013 02:49 PM

Leave a Comment

Email addresses are required but never displayed.

Get the WNYC Morning Brief in your inbox.
We'll send you our top 5 stories every day, plus breaking news and weather.