The History of Silicon Valley

Fairchild Semiconductor, 1960. Pictured: Eugene Kleiner, Julius Blank, Gordon Moore, Sheldon Roberts, Jay Last, Robert Noyce, Jean Hoerni, Victor Grinich (Everyone is facing Noyce).

Randall MacLowry, director of “Silicon Valley,” looks at the early high tech pioneers that transformed a fertile valley in California into a hub of technological ingenuity. In 1957 a group of eight brilliant young men defected from the Shockley Semiconductor Company in order to start their own transistor company. Their radical innovations helped make the United States a leader in both space exploration and the personal computer revolution. “Silicon Valley” premieres on American Experience February 5, 9- 10:30 p.m. on PBS.