Report Breaks Down NYC’s Hispanic Population

Voters line up to register at a caucus precinct in 2008 in a the largely Hispanic neighborhood in East Las Vegas, Nevada

One in four of all residents in the New York metropolitan area is Hispanic, according to a new report from the Pew Hispanic Center.

Researchers at the center looked at 10 metropolitan areas, which have the largest numbers of Hispanics, and examined their characteristic, such as education level, income, poverty rate, citizenship and ethnicity. The data used in the report were from the 2010 American Community Survey.

The report found Puerto Ricans are the largest Hispanic group in the New York area, making up 27 percent of the Hispanic population. They’re closely followed by Dominicans.

“It’s probably the most diverse Latino population of any of the large metropolitan concentrations,” said Jeffrey Passel, senior demographer at the Pew Hispanic Center. “Among the very large concentrations, the top ten metropolitan areas New York is the only one where Puerto Ricans are the largest.”

In most of the other major metropolitan areas Mexicans make up the largest majority — averaging about 80 to 90 percent of the Hispanic population.

Examining New York’s Hispanic population, the report found 72 percent hold citizenship by birth or naturalization.

“Most of the Dominicans are legal immigrants; all of the Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens,” Passel said. “The vast majority of Latino children are U.S. citizens.”

Hispanics in New York are also younger, less educated, earn less and experience higher poverty rates compared to the city’s total population, according to the report.

With over 4 million Hispanics, the New York-Northeastern New Jersey metropolitan area is the second largest, following the Los Angeles-Long Beach area.