'Junk DNA' Not So Useless After All

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On Wednesday, scientists published the most comprehensive analysis of the human genome, and their findings offered a very different view of human DNA than was previously understood or even imagined.

More than 400 scientists from 32 laboratories across the globe worked on the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements project (Encode), which was launched back in 2003.

The Encode researchers were tasked with analyzing and mapping the huge area of the human genome once considered “junk DNA,” and what they found out is that there really is no such thing as junk DNA after all.

Dr. Bradley Bernstein, an Encode researcher and associate professor at Harvard Medical School and the Broad Institute, believes the findings will result in a better understanding of diseases such as diabetes, and also lead to more effective treatments.