Micropolis: For Women of Faith, the Quest for a Good Halal (or Kosher) Workout

Monday, June 18, 2012

The Bollywood exercise video is led by Hemalayaa (WNYC/Arun Venugopal)

Sadia Kalam, a 26-year-old project manager at a midtown nonprofit, searched for months for an all-women's yoga class in Manhattan. No men, she said, could be present.

Finally, she settled on one in New Jersey, nearly 40 miles from her home — where the windows would be covered and the Muslim participants felt free to remove their hijabs.

"In my search for a dance or yoga class in New York City, I always had to ask if there were men in the class, if there were private women's only classes, [or] if there were male instructors on premise," she said.

Modesty is central to many women of faith like Kalam — and Muslims and Orthodox Jews, in particular — and a number of them have struggled to balance religious ideals with physical fitness.

Many women say modesty is a way to prevent unwanted attention from men. Some critics say it is a way for men to oppress women.
Linda Sarsour, head of the Arab American Association of New York based in Bay Ridge, said it was challenging to find places to exercise out of men's view.

She and other Muslim women avoid jogging in public, because within her community it is seen as “very immodest," she said.

Maha Akhtar, a 22-year-old graduate of Queens College, started visiting the all-women gym chain Lucille Roberts in Queens last month.

"At times, there are males in the gym — personal trainers, substitute teachers — and that gets very frustrating while working out,” she said, “but I don't let it get in my way. I just throw on my hijab when they're here."

In addition to a no-guys policy, many women say the right music is crucial to a good workout, free of profanity or sexual references.

“So you won’t be hearing any Rihanna in there, but you may hear some beats,” said Aber Kawas, a youth coordinator for the Muslim American Society, which is re-opening a gym with separate hours for men and women.

Among Orthodox Jewish women, a network of Jewish Community Centers and other facilities offered a variety of options, including all-women's swimming pools.

Regina Tessone (right), an Orthodox Jew, started a line of modest swimwear called Aqua Modesta to help women feel more comfortable in mixed-sex settings when those options aren’t available.

"It should always be that he should only see her figure and get pleasure from her body and see her that way,” Tessone said. “But outside of the bedroom she should look beautiful but not sexual."

Rachel Schwartz, a New Jersey resident, said she participated in a triathlon in New York two years ago while wearing a "swim dress" that covers most of her body.

"It completely clings to you," she said. "You have the range of motion that you need. And then when you come out it's just a dress, so you're completely covered the entire time."

Imam al-Hajj Talib Abdur-Rashid, of the Mosque of Islamic Brotherhood, in Harlem, said physical activity among women is important, but it doesn’t have to compromise their modesty.

"Not everyone throughout the world believes that being physically fit requires a person to be half-naked," he said, arguing that a "Euro-American" clothing ideal prevailed in the worlds of sports and fitness.

He added, “Health and fitness are values of the Islamic faith. We have a traditional saying, that’s attributed to the prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him, and it’s a well-known saying, which is ‘Give your body its rights.’”

Several days each week, a group of traditionally dressed Bangladeshi women gather in the basement of a Bronx house and go through the motions of a Bollywood exercise video.

Mone Khan, 40, said her husband didn’t want her to exercise in view of men because, as Muslims, they believed she should always keep her body covered.

“Always we cover our body and head and our sexual part,” Khan said.

Bangladeshi immigrants are the least active of any ethnic group in New York, with just 35 percent having exercised in the previous 30 days (versus 77 percent of whites and 64 percent of Hispanics), according to a study conducted by scholars at Montefiore and Albert Einstein hospitals and the North Bronx Health Network. The result is a high level of diabetes, hypertension and other illnesses in the community.

Anjali Jaiman and Moumita Zaman, who both oversee the workout – which is sponsored by the nonprofit Westchester Square Partnership – attribute the statistics to fried foods and rice, shared myths like exercising damages a woman’s uterus and modesty.

Jaiman, said that for many of the women, being middle class “means not having to be physically active."

“You don’t have to do physical labor,” Jaiman said. “That’s a symbol of middle-class-ness.”

WNYC/Arun Venugopal
Footwear outside the room where Bangladeshi women follow a Bollywood exercise routine (they asked not to be photographed)
Bangladeshi participants in the Westchester Square Partnership's APPLE program, meant to improve the community's health standards
Moumita Zaman and Anjali Jaiman at the Westchester Square Partnership, who oversee the Bronx program
Linda Sarsour, of the Arab American Association of New York.
An Aqua Modesta swimsuit

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Comments [9]

Marci Rapp - MarSea Modest Swimwear

MarSea Modest Swim & Gymwear offers over 30 styles of UV50+ and chlorine resistant activewear. Please visit our website and contact us for more information. We'll be happy to help you.

Jun. 21 2012 03:43 AM
ezpzvi from usa

In any religion, if BOTH sexes have to be careful about showing skin in public, then I am less skeptical about it being about oppression. If it's just the females who are obligated to cover up, then there is obviouly something not very fair about the rules.

Jun. 19 2012 11:53 AM
Sarede from Brooklyn, NY

To the women featured in this article - and any other women who are looking for women's only Yoga classes - I teach all women's Yoga classes (Restorative and Power) at my studio in Crown Heights, Brooklyn as well as in other locations around the city. Check out my website and contact me at

I also co-direct a 200 Hour Yoga Alliance certified Yoga Teacher Training Course for Jewish women in Israel, New York and Toronto. We may be starting a training course for women of all faiths soon. There are just a few spots left for our upcoming Israel course this July - for more info, email

Sarede Switzer
Director, Crown Heights Fitness
Co-director, KinneretYoga Teacher Training

Jun. 18 2012 03:36 PM
Don't Worry About It

Just get one of those vinyl "sauna suits" boxers wear. No one will see anything and you'll burn calories faster than the people running around half-naked. Just make sure you drink a lot of water because you will sweat torrentially.

Jun. 18 2012 03:36 PM

So who's right? The Slutwalkers or the "too modest to be healthy" crowd?

Jun. 18 2012 01:32 PM

This article has addressed a personal issue for a lot of women descendants of an eastern culture, And presented a solution of how they are dealing with it in New York City. I salute their efforts!

Jun. 18 2012 12:53 PM

You cannot trust the motives of a person who says that women are oppressed by modesty.

Jun. 18 2012 11:41 AM

@dboy: There are a lot of brainy women who believe modesty is the way of life, with or without religious practices.

Jun. 18 2012 09:20 AM


Jun. 18 2012 08:31 AM

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