'Air Patakis': The City's Jail Sneaker

Monday, August 08, 2011

Inmates are issued shoes known as 'Pataki's' Inmates are issued shoes known as "Pataki's" (Kathleen Horan/WNYC)

Traditionally, whether it's stripes or jumpsuits, jailed inmates have worn government-issue uniforms. And for more than a decade, many of New York City's prisoners have also been required to sport canvas sneakers in the name of safety and contraband control -- sneakers that have come to be known by a memorable nickname.

“They call them the ‘Air Patakis’, that’s the joke in jail,” said former inmate John Donadio, explaining the sneakers' preferred name.

Even though George Pataki hasn't been the governor of New York for six years and it is New York City that issues the footwear, inmates have long-associated the shoes with the former governor, who was in office when the DOC started handing them out more regularly to inmates. The lightweight, lace-free footwear resembles an enclosed slipper and come in black or orange, depending on what's in stock.

Prisoners often make up sly nicknames for things, said Thomas McCarthy, who was a longtime agency employee and now runs a Web site about the history of the Department of Correction.

“There's a wonderful capacity of human beings who are incarcerated to poke fun at their incarcerators. One way to ironically refer to these inexpensive shoes is to deride them and call them 'Air Patakis,'" said McCarthy.

Whatever they're called, former inmates loathe them. John Donadio and Kwarme Parker from Brooklyn and Jason Sanchez of Manhattan each weighed in on the shoes;

“They uncomfortable, pretty much they make your feet sweaty, it will develop fungus, foot odor.”

"They don't have no support, no arch and they very very slippery."

“You get calluses, they're like a flat pair of shoes without laces -- they're like we used to call Dekks back in the days."

A common ritual for inmates getting released is to toss their 'Patakis' in the nearest garbage can. That's just what Michael James did when he was released from the Manhattan Detention Complex downtown.

"I threw them away immediately because I had sneakers they took from me, which was these and I immediately put these on," James said.

James proudly shows off his gently used blue Nikes, a type of footwear that's banned in the city's jails because blue is considered a gang color that could incite violence.

Decades ago, prisoners were only issued new shoes when theirs were falling apart.

But in 2008, City's Correction Commissioner Martin Horn issued a directive that all inmates be required to wear 'departmental footwear' to reduce fighting. He hoped the strict policy would cut down on inmates hiding weapons or smuggling contraband inside the heels of shoes. But over the past year the DOC gradually relaxed the rule as shoe supplies and sizes dwindled.

Now, the inmates who have to wear 'Air Patakis' are those with histories of mental illness, those who arrive with shoes considered a security risk and all adolescents.

The Department Of Correction's Sharman Stein said it has been tough over the years to keep enough shoes in the right sizes in stock, but that the department is working on it.

"You're talking about a very big system -- almost 100,000 inmates admitted every year and 100,000 discharged -- so it is one of the big things we have to manage and we're working very hard now on a bid on a new contract that will keep us steadily supplied with enough shoes. We're going to need about 20,000 pairs every four months."

And Stein said the DOC is in the process of making prison-issue footwear better.

The new design has Velcro closures and more support. The city just received a shipment of the new, sturdier sneakers. They cost just over about $4, an increase of about $1.30 per pair from the old shoes. But why pay more for disposable sneakers at a time the city's in a fiscal crisis?

"The old shoes were often falling apart too easily; they were not useful during recreation which is very important and people were complaining about the shoes not fitting, not holding up and so we decided we needed to do better."

The verdict is still out whether the new and improved 'Air Patakis' will be as reviled than the old model. Either way, at least one person remains amused by the footwear: the former governor.

“Early in my administration, I remember law and order in its heyday had prisoners referring to their prison shoes ‘Air Pataki's’ -- I got a kick out of it," said Governor Pataki.

Pataki said he takes the sneakers' nickname as a compliment -- and of all the honors he’s received, this one rates fairly high.

”Its kind of tongue and check obviously," Pataki laughed, "but it’s an unsolicited endorsement of the success of our criminal justice polices, so from that sense, I gotta feel pretty good about it."

With the notorious jail sneaker's makeover, the Department of Correction's Stein said the name ‘Air Pataki’ could also be on its way out.

“Maybe now that we have new shoes and a new governor, they'll call them 'Cuomos.'”


More facts about the 'Air Patakis'

The Department of Correction issues the shoes for several reasons to prevent prisoners from fighting over expensive footwear.

All adolescents and any inmate on mental observation must wear them.

Inmates' shoes are considered security risk if they are in gang colors, could have hidden compartments for smuggling contraband, or have a steel-reinforced toe.

The city recently received a shipment of a new and improved model of ‘Air Patakis’: 58,392 pairs of shoes costing $239,407.20.

The old, lighter weight model cost $2.80 a pair.

The new version has Velcro fasteners and more support and costs $4.10 a pair.

From 2008 to around 2010, the city issued sneakers to all inmates.

According to DOC officials, an inmate being admitted to Riker’s Island recently had 18 packets of marijuana hidden under the sole of his sneaker.

The city issues about 3,000 pairs of shoes a month.

Despite the accusations of former inmates, the DOC said they never re-use the shoes.

On the revised ‘Pedigree Form” used at arraignments, inmates are asked their shoe size so the DOC can keep enough sizes in stock -- something inmates complain isn't happening.

The city has struggled to retain a reliable supplier at an affordable cost to keep pace with inmate useage, according to the DOC.

A contract with a new supplier is expected in the next four months.

Some inmates have been known to personalize their 'Patakis' with swirling, tattoo-like designs.

Inmates started calling the sneaker 'Air Patakis' when George Pataki was still governor. The name still stuck as the shoes became more widely distributed to inmates, years after the governor left office.

Other names for the shoes are said to include: 'Air Guilianis,' ‘Groundwalkers,’ 'Dekks’ and ‘Kung Fu Slippers.’


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Comments [7]

Ahuv from Brooklyn

I like this story! Thank you WNYC!

Aug. 09 2011 12:24 AM
Sophie from Poughkeepsie, NY

Cheap footwear abound at the dollar stores, flip-flops, chinese slippers, fake crocs...

Aug. 08 2011 10:33 PM
Christine Vitale from Teaneck, NJ

How about using comfortable imitation Crocs? I see them sold at retail for as low as $3.99/ bulk, the cost must be much more reasonable. They are airy, decent traction, cushiony, and seem safe -- can't hide anything in them, and as lightweight as they are, I can't imagine them as harmful to anyone.

Aug. 08 2011 08:13 PM
Abble Jackson from Brooklyn

WOW!!!!! This reporter needs a promotion!
She is incredible. One would expect this story to be at the New York Times it was so great!!

Aug. 08 2011 07:36 PM
stan gaz

Great Reporting! The best story on WNYC!

Aug. 08 2011 07:17 PM

They're going to nearly double the cost of something people are just throwing away? No wonder we're in such a financial mess, we're still acting like we're tax revenue is just something that falls from the sky. Why do they need more support? Why not make them washable and confiscate them for reuse before an inmate is discharged? $4.10 a pair for something that's just going to be thrown away seems a little steep to me.

Aug. 08 2011 10:03 AM
jennifer tobias from east village

like droopy jeans inspired by beltless prisoners, these have the potential to become a lucrative, if sad, fashion statement. the DOC could sell the surplus at a profit, inadvertently raising revenue.

Aug. 08 2011 08:51 AM

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