Streams

Arizona's Ugly Political History

Monday, January 10, 2011 - 12:25 AM

Rodolfo de la Garza

I was raised in Tucson’s Barrio Hollywood, lived in Arizona for the first 30 years of my life and considered it home even after I left to begin my academic career. My memories are good and bad. The good include the pleasures of youth complemented by great food, especially the uniquely savory carne seca chimichangas and green corn tamales that are the best I have ever tasted. The bad include discrimination of varying types and intensity.

But the state’s apparent commitment to resuscitating its myopic and racist past weighs increasingly on my estrangement from my home state.

We're still learning the facts about this weekend's shooting — which killed six people at local Congressional meet-and-greet — but it is just the latest stain on the state's ugly political history. 

We all know about Arizona's effort to enact its own immigration laws last year, but the lack of vision shared by the state’s leaders was first evident in 1885. Given the choice between being the site for a state’s mental hospital and a state university, Phoenix chose the hospital because it included a slightly larger allocation of funds, and Tucson, to the disappointment of its citizens, was saddled with the university. In 1972, when the Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta-led United Farm Workers (UFW) was at the apex of its efforts, Arizona’s Republican-controlled legislature, supported by Governor “One-Eyed Jack” Williams was vigorously trying to prevent the unionization of farm workers. The legislature passed a bill that denied farmworkers the right to strike and boycott during the harvest season, effectively vitiating any organizing effort. Rather than meet with UFW representatives to discuss the legislation before it was signed, “One-Eyed Jack” ordered state troopers to bring him the bill and he signed it within an hour after passage. When UFW leaders protested, Williams remarked, “As far as I’m concerned, those people don’t exist.”

These examples pale in comparison with the state legislature’s efforts to make Mexican American courses illegal and the related threats to withhold funding from schools, including universities that allow organizations like El Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan (MEChA) to exist on campus because they are perceived as encouraging “dissent from American values" or "based in whole or in part on race-based criteria." This law suggests the state’s Republican leadership seeks to emulate the model of Soviet leaders who rewrote history in an effort to create one official view of the of the nation and the state. It is hard to think of a more fundamental American value than the right to dissent. The effort to prohibit “dissent from American values” is a flagrant attack on what Arizona’s legislature claims to be defending.

After more than a century of bitter encounters, riots, killings and painful political conflict, Anglos and Mexican Americans in Texas realized in the 1970’s that the state’s economic and social future depended on their establishing a rapprochement. Now that conditions in Arizona have regressed to where they were in Texas prior to 1975, Arizona has replaced Texas as the worst place in America for Mexican Americans.

And after another horror over the weekend, the future offers little hope that this feeling will be a temporary status.

And after another horror over the weekend, the future offers little hope that this feeling will be a temporary status.

Rodolfo de la Garza, a Columbia University professor of Political Science, has studied immigration, political attitudes and voting for over 30 years. He directed the first national political survey of Latinos and has authored, co-authored and edited 18 books and more than 100 scholarly articles and reports on foreign policy, immigration and political attitudes and behavior.

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Comments [5]

Jean Arouet from Lyons

Someone wrote a comment about Mein Kamf. You can pretty well bank that people who use Mein Kampf to denigrate and vilify have never read it. If you read the real history of Roosevelt you might think again...he was captive to the financiers through blackmail and did what he was told.Along side him Hitler was a genius however Hitler's story is riddled with more lies than truths when it comes to the man. Tragically his actions were among those that caused the deaths of 100 million people more than 95% non Jewish. One of Hiltler's achievements was the amicable creating of "Israel" by simply accessing Palestine in 1934 as the joint Jewish/Reich answer to the 'Jewish Question'. By WW11 well over 60,000 zionists had been transferred there, the Reich built their bank and traded with them In return "Israel" offered conspiracy to Germany against the British.The remaining jews included a majority which feared or loathed the zionists who were now safe in Palestine. Others thought "it will all blow over" These became the victims and thousands escapigng to anywhere but Palestine and Zion were betrayed by their bretheren.A good look at the history and what was happening in the Ukraine might assist.Like the document used ludicrously to justify the taking of Palestine, Mein Kampf is used in argument but rarely read. I suggest you do deep research and go outside your comfort zone...incidents like la Garza refers-to are occurring 24/7 and enacted by your government and your military and your secret service and your Central Bankers. If you want a better world you need to educate yourself and act to demand service by Government and the puclic service in all its forma not servitude to it.

Aug. 24 2013 03:33 AM
Jean Arouet from Lyons

If one tells the truth or exposes lies and conspiracies today one is a public enemy. Manning Snowden, Assange all join the murdered journalists in Iraq and Afghanstan for examplein the US/Israeli demand that civilians not know the truth. Read about USS Liberty for one example, and the simultaneous massacres in Egypt.Abu Ghraib, rendition centres, 70 prisoners locked in containers in the desert and left there, control of the military and all infrastructure (see Ostrovsky) assassinations, the list is enormous and the victims in the millions. The GFC for example was based on Rockefeller's call at the secretive Bildrebergers' meeting that a world wide catastrophe was needed to accelerate the coming of the new order. It was organised largely through the same satellite of the Central Bank...Kuhn Loebe which organised and took over Russia in 1918 and ran Russia USA, Europe and Britian for example all through the "cold war"...paranoia is very profitable. Whatever disaster happens the Central Bankers profiteer...so cause all you can!

Unfortunately hundreds of millions of Americans are still unwititng that
these hatreds are promoted in the interests of spiritual and financial depression so that people will more readily accept the Central Banker families' New World Order. Creating and financing civil uprisings and generating a drug culture can be read of in Operation Paperclip and MK Ultra.Read for example Ari ben Menashe, Viktor Ostrovsky,the genuine "de Rothschild timeline, the central banker history in promoting and financing the French Revolution, the British American war, the WW1 (using a Masonic assassin) WW11 (see Standard Oil, IG farben, GMH etc)The Central Bankers control of the 7 "axis of evil' countries is the reason why they have been invaded and ruined...the 911 and WMD was a part of the demonisation process for getting public acceptance.The WMD's are used by Israel and USA. The CIA and Mossad are behind the Middle East massacres today.Mexicans and Latinos are 'expendible' and now the Indians are subdued and the Negros accommodated someone is needed to blame. Provoke,demonise, Lie, destroy whilst widing countries up on ancient religious nonsense which justifies the mass murder of people and even babies (see Daniel). A complete change of government outlook is needed but to do that the Central Bankers must be asset stripped and the ownership and printing of money revert to government and be based on real and undiminishing wealth. Voila

Aug. 24 2013 03:15 AM
Jean Arouet from Lyons

If one tells the truth or exposes lies and conspiracies today one is a public enemy. Manning Snowden, Assange all join the murdered journalists in Iraq and Afghanstan for examplein the US/Israeli demand that civilians not know the truth. Read about USS Liberty for one example, and the simultaneous massacres in Egypt.Abu Ghraib, rendition centres, 70 prisoners locked in containers in the desert and left there, control of the military and all infrastructure (see Ostrovsky) assassinations, the list is enormous and the victims in the millions. The GFC for example was based on Rockefeller's call at the secretive Bildrebergers' meeting that a world wide catastrophe was needed to accelerate the coming of the new order. It was organised largely through the same satellite of the Central Bank...Kuhn Loebe which organised and took over Russia in 1918 and ran Russia USA, Europe and Britian for example all through the "cold war"...paranoia is very profitable. Whatever disaster happens the Central Bankers profiteer...so cause all you can!

Unfortunately hundreds of millions of Americans are still unwititng that
these hatreds are promoted in the interests of spiritual and financial depression so that people will more readily accept the Central Banker families' New World Order. Creating and financing civil uprisings and generating a drug culture can be read of in Operation Paperclip and MK Ultra.Read for example Ari ben Menashe, Viktor Ostrovsky,the genuine "de Rothschild timeline, the central banker history in promoting and financing the French Revolution, the British American war, the WW1 (using a Masonic assassin) WW11 (see Standard Oil, IG farben, GMH etc)The Central Bankers control of the 7 "axis of evil' countries is the reason why they have been invaded and ruined...the 911 and WMD was a part of the demonisation process for getting public acceptance.The WMD's are used by Israel and USA. The CIA and Mossad are behind the Middle East massacres today.Mexicans and Latinos are 'expendible' and now the Indians are subdued and the Negros accommodated someone is needed to blame. Provoke,demonise, Lie, destroy whilst widing countries up on ancient religious nonsense which justifies the mass murder of people and even babies (see Daniel). A complete change of government outlook is needed but to do that the Central Bankers must be asset stripped and the ownership and printing of money revert to government and be based on real and undiminishing wealth. Voila

Aug. 24 2013 03:14 AM
John from LES

Sorry professor, your comments are a real stretch. To date there is no evidence to back up your comments. What we know is the gunman's favorite reading material was Mein Kampf and Das Capital, he was a flag burner, and gave indications of being mentally unstable – not a stooge of any movement. Both you and Mr. Krugman, I'm afraid are using the philosophy of "let no good crisis go to waste" to advance your agenda - whatever that is......
I always held college professors in high regard; no longer you have all joined 5th and 6th columns on the right and left, and no longer use your wisdom to find a common point of discourse. You’re just as bad and those on the intolerant far right.

Jan. 10 2011 12:10 PM
cintia from Manhattan

Thank you Dr. De La Garza for these comments. The hate-filled, anti-Mexican (and anti-Mexican American) movement in Arizona is a such a terrible regression to the very bad old days. The fact that Arizona has "banned" Mexican American studies in high school is an attack on educational freedom. In the Southwest, all of us, not just Mexican Americans, benefit from learning about our early history--the indigenous peoples and the Spanish and Mexican governments and institutions that existed for hundreds of years before the Anglo settlers moved in. I grew up in San Antonio in the 1950s and heard and saw (as an Anglo) the incredible discrimination and racism that permeated most aspects of life. I had thought and hoped the border states had moved ahead and realized we are bi-cultural (and multi-cultural) societies. Life is so much richer that way.

Jan. 10 2011 10:44 AM

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