Yes, Virginia, There Is a Santa Claus

Wednesday, December 08, 2010 - 03:08 PM

Mailing letters to Santa in the special letter box, 1947. Mailing letters to Santa in the special letter box, 1947. (Florida Memory/Flickr)

In September 1897, Francis Pharcellus Church, a former Civil War correspondent and editor at the New York Sun, received a letter from the then 8-year-old Virginia O’Hanlon.

In her letter, young Virginia wrote:

Dear Editor,
I am 8 years old. Some of my little friends say there is no Santa Claus. Papa says, "If you see it in the Sun, it's so." Please tell me the truth, is there a Santa Claus?
Virginia O'Hanlon
115 West Ninety-Fifth Street

Church’s then anonymous editorial page reply eventually became, and remains, a perennial favorite. Translated into dozens of languages (including Latin!), Church’s testament to the spirit of Christmas has the notable distinction of being the "most reprinted newspaper editorial." (

Responding to Virginia's letter, Church celebrates the innocence of childhood and the power of faith:


 Virginia, your little friends are wrong. They have been affected by the skepticism of a skeptical age. They do not believe except [what] they see. They think that nothing can be which is not comprehensible by their little minds. All minds, Virginia, whether they be men's or children's, are little. In this great universe of ours man is a mere insect, an ant, in his intellect, as compared with the boundless world about him, as measured by the intelligence capable of grasping the whole of truth and knowledge.

Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus. He exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion exist, and you know that they abound and give to your life its highest beauty and joy. Alas! how dreary would be the world if there were no Santa Claus. It would be as dreary as if there were no Virginias. There would be no childlike faith then, no poetry, no romance to make tolerable this existence. We should have no enjoyment, except in sense and sight. The eternal light with which childhood fills the world would be extinguished.

Not believe in Santa Claus! You might as well not believe in fairies! You might get your papa to hire men to watch in all the chimneys on Christmas Eve to catch Santa Claus, but even if they did not see Santa Claus coming down, what would that prove? Nobody sees Santa Claus, but that is no sign that there is no Santa Claus. The most real things in the world are those that neither children nor men can see. Did you ever see fairies dancing on the lawn? Of course not, but that's no proof that they are not there. Nobody can conceive or imagine all the wonders there are unseen and unseeable in the world.

You may tear apart the baby's rattle and see what makes the noise inside, but there is a veil covering the unseen world which not the strongest man, nor even the united strength of all the strongest men that ever lived, could tear apart. Only faith, fancy, poetry, love, romance, can push aside that curtain and view and picture the supernal beauty and glory beyond. Is it all real? Ah, Virginia, in all this world there is nothing else real and abiding.

No Santa Claus! Thank God! he lives, and he lives forever. A thousand years from now, Virginia, nay, ten times ten thousand years from now, he will continue to make glad the heart of childhood.


Virginia was raised on the Upper West Side and was the daughter of a Manhattan physician. As an adult, she went on to pursue a career in education, eventually earning a PhD from Fordham University. According to The New York Times, she was the assistant principal of PS 31 and PS 401, a Brooklyn school “with classes held in ten hospitals and other institutions for chronically ill children.”  Throughout her life, Virginia often received inquiries from those curious about her own letter and invitations to read Church’s reply.

In the above 1937 interview, 48-year-old Virginia O’Hanlon Douglas talks to WNYC’s Seymour Siegel about her famous letter, her current views on Santa Claus, and her daughter, Laura Virginia.

Unfortunately, the audio quality of this recording is not quite what we're used to. The noise present throughout the interview (and particularly in the first 30 seconds) is likely the result of age, environment, and groove wear. Originally captured on a 16" lacquer disc in 1937, this recording, along with some other choice items, was played many times. Unlike vinyl pressings, a lacquer-coated disc is relatively soft to allow for the cutting stylus on the WNYC record lathe to do its job. As a result, the lacquer disc groove will wear out more quickly than a vinyl or shellac groove.  To learn more about the preservation of audio visit the WNYC Preservation and Archive Process page.

It is also interesting to note that in 2006 Virginia’s great-granddaughter brought the original letter to the Antiques Roadshow, where it was appraised at a value of  $20,000 - $30,000.


Audio courtesy NYC Municipal Archives collection.


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Comments [3]

Magee from NYC

Bless you for printing this!

Dec. 11 2014 02:47 PM
Forest Hills Cynic from Queens, NY

Strangely quaint as the young girls, whose requests resulted in famous responses, are referred to by their adult married names and not their name when they achieved fame and they didn’t question religion being taught in the classroom.

Curious how their conversation devolved into a premonition of Global Warming, though they didn’t realize it.

Rereading the editorial through my atheistic bias reveals it still to be an ever true magnificent piece of writing.

Yes, little minds blinded by faith, can’t see the truth of reality.

Yes, the world would be a poorer place were it not for childhood innocence, imagination, love and romance - for it is these qualities that drive mankind to question, dream, explore and sacrifice to make the world a better place.

Dec. 11 2014 09:12 AM

CBC radio interview of Virginia O'Hanlon Douglas in 1963

WTEN – Albany PBS – video of Virginia O'Hanlon reading the editorial to children in the 1960's.

Jan. 10 2011 12:09 PM

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About Annotations: The NEH Preservation Project

In September 2010, WNYC's Archives and Preservation Department initiated a two-year archival digitization project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Its goal is to reformat 660 hours of choice recordings from the NYC Municipal Archives WNYC collection found on lacquer disc and open reel tape.

For more information, please visit the 2010-2013 NEH-Funded Preservation Project page.

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The 2010-2013 NEH-Funded Preservation Project has been made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the Human Endeavor. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this web resource do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


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