Streams

The Liberation of European Jews

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Michael Goldfarb discusses the emancipation of Europe’s Jews in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Emancipation: How Liberating Europe's Jews from the Ghetto Led to Revolution and Renaissance gives a account of how Jews ushered in a second renaissance after they were freed from their ghettos, and how within a century, Marx, Freud, and Einstein revolutionized politics, human science, and physics that continue to shape our world.

Guests:

Michael Goldfarb

Comments [8]

Marcel

Just a comment about the topic: "The Jewish Question"

German Public Reaction.-
"Der Deutsche Widerstand und die Juden ('83 Essay) by Christof Dipper, German Historian
In eng. The German Resistance and the Jews." "A large part of the German people...believed that a "Jewish Question" existed and had to be solved..."
"the road to Auschwitz was built by hate, but paved with indifference".
the majority of the anti-Nazi national-consevatives were anti-Semitic
[Evans, Richard In Hitler's Shadow, New York, NY: Pantheon, 1989 page 71]

The Shoah Memorials.-
The Shoah (hbr. calamity) is imprinted both in the Jewish and German collective memories. However, the most two visbel memories of the darkest period in world history are:
"Auschwitz concentration camp" in Poland
"Holocaust Memorial" at Berlin's Reichstag and Brandenburg Gate by Peter Eisenman

"The Merchant of Venice" by William Shakespeare explicitly detailed most of the issues surrounding "The Jewish Question"
The play has been recently put on a DVD format: The Merchant of Venice (DVD staring Al Pacino).

Nov. 17 2010 09:45 PM
Harlan Barnhart from Queens

Mr. Lopate, those "protestant sects" that Spinoza was associated with were Anabaptists who had been teaching/living the philosophy of a separated State and Church for over 100 years before Spinoza's birth, often at the pain of execution. Their spiritual descendants live happily in Lancaster PA, as Amish, ironically unaware of the modernity of their theology. It is an interesting story how simple German peasants came to influence modern thought, including the US constitution via the advocacy of Roger Williams, a great admirer of the Dutch Anabaptist.

Nov. 17 2010 09:38 PM
The Truth from Becky

I am equally glad that he caught you on your reference to the word and ghetto that you were trying to make....he clearly said to you " I don't get where you are going with this" and I was sooo happy! Stay on topic next time and keep your personal prejudice to yourself.

Nov. 17 2010 01:25 PM
The Truth from Becky

Leonard, he is talking about JEWS, why do you insist on bringing the Black community into this?

Nov. 17 2010 01:23 PM
jgarbuz from Queens

All that the "Enlightenment" did for the Jews was shift antisemitism from a religious form of bigotry to a racial form of bigotry. The more the Jews began to insinuate themselves into the larger society - even after undergoing baptism - the more the racial argument for persecuting them, in a more polite manner, began to be used.
The fact is, that Jews are a tribe, a nation in exile, in diaspora, and that the restoration of the Jewish state has given them some degree of dignity in the eyes of the world. Now, anti-Zionism is the new cover for old fashioned anti-semitism.

Nov. 17 2010 01:21 PM
jgarbuz from Queens

All that the "Enlightenment" did for the Jews was shift antisemitism from a religious form of bigotry to a racial form of bigotry. The more the Jews began to insinuate themselves into the larger society - even after undergoing baptism - the more the racial argument for persecuting them, in a more polite manner, began to be used.
The fact is, that Jews are a tribe, a nation in exile, in diaspora, and that the restoration of the Jewish state has given them some degree of dignity in the eyes of the world. Now, anti-Zionism is the new cover for old fashioned anti-semitism.

Nov. 17 2010 01:21 PM
jgarbuz from Queens

Spinoza was excommunicated because the Christian authorities, in upheavals of their own due to "heresies" within Christendom, essentially pressured the Jewish rabbis to deal with a "heretic" like Spinoza as well. It was a time that in any way doubting the very existence of God had to be dealt with harshly, for political as well as theological reasons.

Nov. 17 2010 01:16 PM
jgarbuz from Queens

Spinoza was excommunicated because the Christian authorities, in upheavals of their own due to "heresies" within Christendom, essentially pressured the Jewish rabbis to deal with a "heretic" like Spinoza as well. It was a time that in any way doubting the very existence of God had to be dealt with harshly, for political as well as theological reasons.

Nov. 17 2010 01:16 PM

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